• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Comparative Study of the Effect of Innovation on Income Inequality
        Abolfazll Shahabadi Sara Sarygol
        In recent decades, the reduction of income inequality should be considered as the strategy of the major objectives of economic and social development and even the government. Therefore, analysis of income distribution and distributional effects of policies in order to i Full Text
        In recent decades, the reduction of income inequality should be considered as the strategy of the major objectives of economic and social development and even the government. Therefore, analysis of income distribution and distributional effects of policies in order to increase economic growth has gained importance. On the other hand, the ability to achieve creative innovation using human resources as the first step is to convert knowledge into wealth. So, considering the critical importance of innovation in modern economies, the present study investigated the role of innovation on income inequality of OPEC countries and selected the OECD developed countries during the period 1995-2009. The results suggest that the status of OPEC countries compared to OECD countries in both the Gini index as well as innovation is weak and undesirable, due to the lack of coordination between macro-economic policies from one side and research and educational policies form other side. Also based on the results, most countries with better support for innovative activities have shown better income distribution. Thus, the movement of countries with economy and capital resources oriention towards knowledge-based economy, innovative activities support and reduce income inequality are essential orientations for macro-economic policies along with research and educational policies. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Factors Affecting Women Entrepreneurship in Business
        Ayatollah Momayezz Seyed Atefe Ghasemi Seyed fatemeh Ghasemi
        Entrepreneurship is one of the fundamental measures of development in each country, thus, it is considered as the engine of economic development in countries. Experiences of countries enjoying high growth of gross domestic income (GDI) indicate that leaders and managers Full Text
        Entrepreneurship is one of the fundamental measures of development in each country, thus, it is considered as the engine of economic development in countries. Experiences of countries enjoying high growth of gross domestic income (GDI) indicate that leaders and managers in these countries have realized the importance of entrepreneurship in countries development. Since women represent a large part of the population, entrepreneurship of this segment of society has a particular importance. Therefore, the measurement of women's participation in production is one of the important indicators to evaluate the progress of development in each country. Statistics shows that less than 10 percent of Iranian entrepreneurs are women. The aim of this study was to investigate factors that play a role in the development of women entrepreneurship. The research was based on questionnaire and interview and to ensure the reliability, the questionnaire was tested using Cronbach's alpha being valued for validity by views of scholars and professors. Statistical tests were utilized for data analysis and presentation. The results show despite holding dual roles of working women, they have positive feelings towards their activities. At the end recommendations and suggestion for the development of women's entrepreneurial activities are discussed in order to manifest the most important cultural change in society's attitude towards women's empowerment in economic activities. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The Role of Open Innovation in Gaining Technology Intelligence
        Kamran Feyzi Seyed kamal Tabatabaeiyan Hosein Khosropour
        High speed changes and evolutions in technological environment are among the important subjects in business which has made the ability to plan and decide in this area impossible without a proper perception of the present and future situation of technology. Therefore, de Full Text
        High speed changes and evolutions in technological environment are among the important subjects in business which has made the ability to plan and decide in this area impossible without a proper perception of the present and future situation of technology. Therefore, determination, creation and development of the industrial and research co-workers network using the open innovation and employing the technology intelligence in order to observe the technological evolutions for technology-based organizations and also the technology and science progress that has a direct effect on the business area of these organizations are very important. On the other hand, since the increasing growth of the internet in increasing the input resources for technology intelligence has a key effect, the appropriate employment and use of information technology tools for accessing and analyzing these inputs has also been changed into a key point in technology intelligence creation. Thus, the organization`s strategy in determination and acquisition of the appropriate process of technology intelligence has become very important so that organization requires to merger the innovation and idea from out of the organization with main advantages from inside the organization. As a result, establishing a systematic framework, the organizations, creating a connection between the technology intelligence and open innovation, can help their purpose and increase the technology intelligence value. In other words, technology intelligence as an open innovation approach tool creates a relation between knowledge and idea from out of the organization and main advantages from inside the organization results in creating a competitive advantage for the organization. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - A Knowledge Management System Analysis: Using Human Resources and Technology Approaches
        Sareh Khazaeli Neda sadaat Khasteh Amir Albadavi
        These days, high growth and rapid changes in technology on the one hand, and the utilization of new approaches emerged in the economy and management literature on the other, make knowledge resources become more important than other organizational resources. This viewpoi Full Text
        These days, high growth and rapid changes in technology on the one hand, and the utilization of new approaches emerged in the economy and management literature on the other, make knowledge resources become more important than other organizational resources. This viewpoint is based on two main sources; one of them is IT resource and the other is human resource. This kind of attitude to these sources leads to two different approaches of knowledge management: one is related to IT resource and the other is related to human resource. In the investigations about the causes of failure in the most knowledge management projects in knowledge-based organizations, human resource and IT resource approaches are studied separately. In this paper, by these approaches, not only has been the causes of failure in knowledge management projects investigated, but also the importance of these approaches has been studied, too. The study shows that the technology and its benefits cannot be ignored. At the same time, for making organizations less formal, non- technological resource (human resource) management should be at the helm of management priorities. In order to use technology advantages while avoiding its disadvantages, organizations' knowledge resource management should pay attention to the alignment between its technology and human resources. Furthermore, studies show that network infrastructures (extranet, intranet and internet) can provide a proper environment for human resource management. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Business Models; Principles, Evaluation, Innovation
        Manochehr Manteghi Fatemeh Sabeti Saeedi
        These days, organizations environment has become more competitive. According to business researchers, achieving a competitive position for the company is possible only by the proper business model. A successful business model indicates a better option so that it can off Full Text
        These days, organizations environment has become more competitive. According to business researchers, achieving a competitive position for the company is possible only by the proper business model. A successful business model indicates a better option so that it can offer greater value to a distinct group of customers and bring greater benefits to the company. At the start of a business, failure to identify an appropriate business model, leads to the failure of organizations to achieving its goals. Despite the importance of this issue, there is no standard for the definitions and components of business models. Hence, in this study, definitions and components of business models are discussed, according to the different approaches in modeling business models. However, merely having a good business model at the inception of a company is not enough; what is more important is utilizing and maintaining a proper business model over the life of the institution.The power of a business model is such that it can be a powerful tool for analyzing, testing, and evaluating organization's strategic options. Therefore, an organization business model evaluation as a strategic decision-making process will never stop and can be a basis for continuous improvement of the business. Business model evaluation differs according to the levels and units of analysis. In this study,by reviewing the different studies, the most important criteria and methods of business model evaluation has been proposed.Business models are the representation of businesses at a specific time. Rapid technological, economical, cultural and political changes lead to a more complex organizations environmentand dynamic business evolution. This causes instability of business models. Therefore, they change by the development of businesses. Hence, business model innovation has become one of the most important issues in management science. This concept has been studied in the final part of this study. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - An Approach to Improve the Management of Knowledge-Based Firms
        Hosein Fakhari Davood Salmani
        Knowledge based firms (KBF) play essential role in technology development, economic prosperity and job creation. The formation of these firms depends on practical ideas of entrepreneur engineers. But most of these entrepreneurs are young graduates who may not have the l Full Text
        Knowledge based firms (KBF) play essential role in technology development, economic prosperity and job creation. The formation of these firms depends on practical ideas of entrepreneur engineers. But most of these entrepreneurs are young graduates who may not have the leadership skills and knowledge required for leading new firms. In KBF engineers design and build things that meet the needs of customers, beneficiaries and ultimately the society. These tasks can only be accomplished by the concerted action of many people aligned and rallied by effective leadership. On the other hand, when faced with many problems in KBF’s initial years, however, many of these firms fail to sustain themselves and fall in to bankruptcy with a high rate and one of the most important factors of these failures is leadership. In this study, based on the engineering approach, a special attention has been paid to the leadership. In this approach, technical abilities and leadership, describe principles of "engineering leadership". By this method, KBF can achieve their targets through the proper rout. On the base of "engineering leadership" approach, this study shows leadership skill training plays a main role in the success of KBF. In addition, this paper suggests to KBF managers a contingency sight to select the best leadership method and proper organization structure based on teamwork for KBF success. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Theories and Models of Relationship Between Industry and University in Knowledge-based Economy
        Hamzeh Samadi Hosein Samadi Miyarkalaei
        University and Industry are the most important and influent institutions in social, political and cultural development and society’s economic and technological improvements. The improvement in the relationship between science and technology, the integration of science a Full Text
        University and Industry are the most important and influent institutions in social, political and cultural development and society’s economic and technological improvements. The improvement in the relationship between science and technology, the integration of science and industry, the appearance of industries based on science, the use of science as a means to generate competitive advantages on the part of the firms, as well as the globalization of the economy and internationalization of technology, are some of the reasons which justify cooperative relationships between firms and research organizations. Developing relations between Industry and University by cause and positive effect on technological, economic and social changes and transformations was noticed by strategists, politicians and university and industry planners, and was more effort toward creating an effective linkage between university and industry. The 21st century is the century of knowledge-based international economic competition. Industry without online knowledge will surely die and knowledge without applying in industrial operation is not valueless, necessitating the connection between Industry and University. The present paper aims to review the existed theories and models of relationship between Industry, University and other influential institutions in knowledge-based economy. In this study, we reviewed “Triple Helix models TH1, TH2, TH3” (Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff), Quadruple Helix (Carayannis and Campbell), “Quintuple Helix” (Carayannis and Campbell), and represented and reviewed the “Islamic Republic of Iran’s’ Regional Quintuple Helix” (Samadi Miarkolaei), and “N-Tuple of Helices” between Industry and University (Leydesdorff), followed by presenting some suggestions to improve relations between Industry and University. Manuscript Document