This is an Open Access Journal. In other words, access to all published papers in this Journal is free from the date of publication and there is no charge for downloading papers. Researchers are allowed to read, download, distribute, print, search or get access to the full text of papers without a prior permission of the publisher or authors as long as the author of the original work is cited. Authors grant publisher a permission to publish the paper and identify itself as the original publisher.
About the journal
About the Journal
Technology Development (Roshd-e-Fanavari) is a journal of science and technology parks & incubators which is published by Rooyesh IT incubator (RITI), affiliated to Iranian Academic Center for Education Culture and Research (ACECR).
The aim of the Journal of Technology Development (JTD) is to foster the growth of research activities among the experts of science and technology parks and incubators, It also provides a medium for mutual communication between the government, academia and the industry on the one hand, and the world science and technology community on the other.
The principal language of the journal is Persian and English.
The Journal welcomes original research contributions (previously unpublished), lessons learned and the case studies that cover various aspects of Innovation, networking, incubators management, Incubators operational models, Technology commercialization, Entrepreneurship, Science & Technology Parks, Research & Development, Business models, Marketing, Benchmarking of incubators and STPs, SMEs and Venture Capitals. The journal also includes technical virtual/real discussion panels and round tables in field of science and technology parks and incubators.
Roshd-e-Fanavari is a member of COPE and endorses its guidelines, which are available at http://www.publicationethics.org
Journal Target Community:
The main target audiences of our journal are as follows:
- Science and Technology Parks (STPs) and Incubators;
- Research institutes & Academic centers;
- Executive policy makers in the field of technology.
Aims and Scopes:
The aims and scopes of this journal are as follows:
1. Reflecting the best practices and view points of experts in the field of technology.
2. Providing information at national/international levels for science and technology parks and incubators.
3. Providing an environment for exchanging ideas and consultation expertise in the fields of science and technology.
4. Disseminating Experiences gathered from the results of technology commercialization.
5. Promoting innovation and entrepreneurship amongst STP related organizations and SMEs.
Ethical authorship and publication.
Principles of Ethical Publishing in the quarterly Journal of roshdefanavari:
- That the corresponding author has the approval of all other listed authors for the submission and publication of all versions of the manuscript.
- That all people who have a right to be recognized as authors have been included on the list of authors and everyone listed as an author has made an independent material contribution to the manuscript.
- That the work submitted in the manuscript is original and has not been published elsewhere and is not presently under consideration of publication by any other journal. The oral or poster presentation of parts of the work and its publishing as a single page abstract does not count as prior publication for this purpose.
- That the material in the manuscript has been acquired according to modern ethical standards and does not contain material copied from anyone else without their written permission.
- That all material which derives from prior work, including from the same authors, is properly attributed to the prior publication by proper citation.
- That the manuscript will be maintained on the servers of the Journal and held to be a valid publication by the Journal only as long as all statements in these principles remain true.
- That if any of the statements above ceases to be true the authors have a duty to notify the journal as soon as possible so that the manuscript can be withdrawn.
Scientific Misconduct and Unethical Practices
The Roshdefanavari Journal accepts the definitions of plagiarism, fabrication and falsification, Scientific misconduct and unethical acts proposed in the:
- ACECR (Academic Center of Education and culture of Research),
- Ministry of science, Research and Technology,
- of Culture and Islamic Guidance,
The list below includes, but is not limited to, the following prohibited acts:
- Plagiarism, which includes the theft or misappropriation of intellectual property and the substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work. It does not include authorship or credit disputes. The theft or misappropriation of intellectual property includes the unauthorized use of ideas or unique methods obtained via a privileged communication, such as a grant or manuscript review. Substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work is defined as the unattributed verbatim or nearly verbatim copying of sentences and paragraphs which materially misleads the ordinary reader regarding the contributions of the author. It does not include the limited use of identical or nearly identical phrases which describe a commonly used methodology or previous research. The author must show the editor written permission to quote any information learned personally from another investigator or by reviewing applications for research grants. In the introduction, and especially in the discussion of a paper, the author should cite fairly the work of others that is relevant either to the origin or to the outcome of the research described, including references to original findings and seminal works.
- Fabrication, which includes making up results and recording or reporting them, in whole or in part.
- Falsification is manipulating research, materials, equipment or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record. It includes the suppressing or altering of data not in agreement with one's hypothesis.
- Redundant or duplicate publication, which includes the submission of a paper, or portion thereof, that overlaps with one already submitted or published. An author may not submit reports of the same or substantially overlapping research to more than one journal at the same time, unless the author can justify it in letters to both editors.
- Submission of animal or clinical research conducted without the approval of the institutional animal care and use committee or review board.
- Honorary authorship is not permitted in The Roshdefanavari Journal. Honorary authorship is the inclusion of authors who have not met The Roshdefanavari Journal’s definition of authors as described above. An author's signature on the copyright release form submitted with the manuscript and included in the byline of the manuscript indicates that the author agrees to share responsibility and accountability for the results. Alleged misconduct against an author on a manuscript will automatically entail investigation of all co-authors.
Open Access Article
1 - Improve security in cloud computing infrastructure using block chain protocol
Mohsen Gerami Vahid Yazdanian Siavash NaebaslVol. 19 , Special IssueSecurity in cloud computing is very important, cloud computing security is a set of computer security and network security in general is information security and when a processing task by using the virtual machine scheduling algorithm in the cloud for processing Unloadi MoreSecurity in cloud computing is very important, cloud computing security is a set of computer security and network security in general is information security and when a processing task by using the virtual machine scheduling algorithm in the cloud for processing Unloading will be This virtual machine will not be able to distinguish the normal mobile user from attackers, thus violating the privacy and security of the transmitted data, so after determining the unloading strategy, the China block can be used in information security. And the information of each server is encapsulated and unloaded in the form of a block. In this research, a proposed solution is presented, which is the combination of China blockchain and cloud computing to increase security and efficiency. The proposed solution is implemented and evaluated in order to evaluate its efficiency increase compared to other existing solutions. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
2 - Investigating the effect of perceived value on resistance to the adoption of blockchain technology in the tourism industry
یزدان شیرمحمدی Mohadese kokabi Seyyed Mohammad Hadi Qazi TabatabaeiVol. 19 , Special IssueThis study aims to provide a conceptual model to understand the factors affecting the resistance to the adoption of blockchain technology in the tourism industry by combining and developing previous models. This research used survey method using questionnaire tool to co MoreThis study aims to provide a conceptual model to understand the factors affecting the resistance to the adoption of blockchain technology in the tourism industry by combining and developing previous models. This research used survey method using questionnaire tool to collect information and also used structural equation modeling with Partial Least Squares (SEM-PLS) approach for statistical analysis. The findings of this research first develop the theoretical and theoretical relationship between concepts such as perceived value and resistance and secondly examine and study this relationship in the context in which managers and activists of the tourism sector operate. In the first stage, the conceptual model of this research is based on the model presented by Walsh et al . The discussion about the research findings shows that the benefits of substitution in the minds of managers and activists of the tourism sector are much stronger than the costs of substitution of blockchain technology. Also, the simplicity of the infrastructure is one of the key factors that has a high impact on understanding the benefits of replacement as well as the perceived value. Examining the role of perceived functional advantage and perceived image in the formation of alternative benefits is one of the innovations of this research in the research related to the application of blockchain technology in the tourism sector. So it can be concluded that in order to reduce resistance to blockchain technology, managers should emphasize more on the advantages of this technology. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
3 - The Effects of Blockchain Technology on the Accounting and Auditing profession
Payam Noori Doabi قدرت اله طالب نیاVol. 19 , Special IssueAfter the Internet, blockchain technology has become a key factor in creative and innovative ideas and solutions in the financial sector due to its wide application potential and its numerous implementations. The advent of blockchain creates new opportunities and challe MoreAfter the Internet, blockchain technology has become a key factor in creative and innovative ideas and solutions in the financial sector due to its wide application potential and its numerous implementations. The advent of blockchain creates new opportunities and challenges for ongoing auditing and real-time accounting. Blockchain, as a digital ledger in accounting and a large database for recording and processing decentralized distributed Internet-based data and peer-to-peer interactive networks, is based on consensus; which is accompanied by an innovative approach to business models, intermediaries, and stakeholders; but in many centers it is still shrouded in mystery. Therefore, considering the impact of the environment on accounting and auditing as well as the increasing development of technology, this research with a library method and with practical purposes to identify, promote and use blockchain technology, to describe and examine the features, benefits, applications, and limitations Blockchain technology and its effects on the accounting and auditing profession. The results of this study highlight the necessity, importance, impact and position of blockchain technology in the accounting and auditing profession due to the characteristics of this technology such as greater information transparency, disclosure, timeliness, reliability, cost-effectiveness, flexibility, risk reduction, elimination of intermediaries, Demonstrates easy and fast access, and immutability of information. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
4 - A study of the nature of private data in the performance mechanism of IoT technology tools
حسین صادقی Mahdi NaserVol. 19 , Special IssueThe invention of Internet of Things technology and its application has led to the development of industry and trade in countries. Tools that include Internet of Things technology are tools that enable simulation of human performance by tools by embedding multiple stimul MoreThe invention of Internet of Things technology and its application has led to the development of industry and trade in countries. Tools that include Internet of Things technology are tools that enable simulation of human performance by tools by embedding multiple stimuli and sensors. But the mechanism of action of these tools has challenges in maintaining the security of private information. The first issue in this regard is the necessity of nature and separation of private data of the non-private type. In the Iranian legal system, the only legal document in this field is Article 58 of Electronic Commerce Law, and the ambiguous text of this article has challenged the identification of this type of data. In this article, for an unknown reason, by separating the types of private data, not only has nature of this data been disrupted, but only a specific category of this data has been subject to the terms of the article for processing and no other provisions have been established. Is. However, in European Union, there are relatively comprehensive regulations in field of identifying the nature of private data, four criteria of identification based on the nature of the data processed, the purposes of using the processed data, concept of nicknamed data and Encrypted data exchanged in decentralized platforms (including China blockchain technology) has been identified as the criterion for identifying this type of data. Application of these criteria by policymakers in Iran could be the solution to many of the challenges ahead.. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
5 - Introducing robotic process automation as the connection point of Internet of everything with artificial intelligence projects
Seyed Omid Azarkasb Seyed Hossein KhastehVol. 19 , Special IssueRobotic process automation is an emerging technology, which can be used to automate repetitive tasks with large but low volume. Automation space consists of providers of construction, operation and transfer contracts, consulting, business process automation and cloud ro MoreRobotic process automation is an emerging technology, which can be used to automate repetitive tasks with large but low volume. Automation space consists of providers of construction, operation and transfer contracts, consulting, business process automation and cloud robotics process automation and markets. Automation refers to the use of technology to perform various tasks with minimal human intervention, so that the automation of the robotic process, intelligent process and various operations of the artificial intelligence business are its main components. In the meantime, the Internet of Things is one of the most up-to-date technologies in the new age of information and communication, which has a concept very close to the Internet of Things. The Internet of Things is a term used to describe physical objects around the world using their digital communication, while the Internet is all about data sets, considering people and processes. The reason for paying attention to the automation of the robotic process is the continuous expansion of the artificial intelligence market due to the widespread use of this technology in most important fields, especially in the components of the Internet. To make the most of robotic process automation, multiple discrete automations as well as artificial intelligence technologies can be used. With this approach, the robotic automation process can be considered as the connection point of everything Internet to software artificial intelligence projects. Therefore, robotic process automation, which aims to improve business processes, is proposed as an Internet connection point for everything with artificial intelligence projects. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
6 - A Supervision System on Organic Products Supply Chain Based on Blockchain Technology
FERESHTEHAZADI PARAND َAli TAVAKOLIGOLPAYGANI Negin GhaderiVol. 19 , Special IssueNowadays, based on the spreading of information technology, food consumers especially organic food increasingly want to be informed about the history of food products that they are buying. They want to know about the origin of food, the condition of storage, transportin MoreNowadays, based on the spreading of information technology, food consumers especially organic food increasingly want to be informed about the history of food products that they are buying. They want to know about the origin of food, the condition of storage, transporting, etc. besides the information are printed on the packages. In this paper, we are proposing a back and forth supervision system on organic products supply chain based on blockchain technology to ensure data integrity and allow data tracing. The proposed system as a decentralized and secure infrastructure database improves food security and safety, and reduces fraud by verifying the quality and the origin of the products throughout the entire their agricultural supply chain. A unique Quick Response code was used to identify each product within the supply chain. Automated protocols on validation each transaction and events related to a product by peers of the Blockchain system enable data transmitted on the network to be verified and stored immutably and minimizing the risk of data corruption. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
7 - Designing a model based on blockchain technology to strengthen cyber security in the banking industry
hossein amoozadkhalili neda haghi Reza Tavakkoli-MoghaddamVol. 19 , Special IssueDesigning a model based on blockchain technology to strengthen cyber security in the banking industry is one of the new methods studied in the banking industry to strengthen cyber security. Accordingly, this study seeks to achieve the goal of evaluating a model based on MoreDesigning a model based on blockchain technology to strengthen cyber security in the banking industry is one of the new methods studied in the banking industry to strengthen cyber security. Accordingly, this study seeks to achieve the goal of evaluating a model based on blockchain technology to strengthen cyber security in the banking industry based on artificial neural networks. This model is based on a conceptual model used in an MLP neural network simulation that simulates a blockchain-like process. Also, the neural networks created in the block chain have a strong connection and the possibility of breaking them is low. The data became closer to normal distribution after learning, indicating that blockchain technology will be able to provide cyber security. The level of correlation and efficiency presented was also reported and the findings of the study showed that the efficiency related to blockchain technologies after learning reached the level of 770.57 units, which shows that using the MLP method to learn the process of blockchain technology can be Lead to greater efficiency for cyber security. Also, the value of variance is equal to 27.77 and the mean value of computational values is equal to 0.35 and the value of correlation is equal to 0.99. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
8 - The Role of IoT Technology Features in Perceived Value Creation, Intention to Advertise and Continue to Receive Customer Services at Sepah Bank
Yaser Ghasemi Nezhad hamidreza fallah lajimi Ahmad Sheikhol-Islami TonekaboniVol. 19 , Special IssueThe use of IoT in the banking industry leads to the provision of various banking products and services to customers. New digital innovations, including the Internet of Things, have also created a competitive market for banks, and banks need to adapt their practices acco MoreThe use of IoT in the banking industry leads to the provision of various banking products and services to customers. New digital innovations, including the Internet of Things, have also created a competitive market for banks, and banks need to adapt their practices accordingly. Therefore, in the present study, value creation with IoT technology was investigated in Sepah Bank. For this purpose, the statistical population of this research includes 130 employees of all departments of the information technology department of Sepah Bank. Using Morgan table, the number of statistical samples of this research was 86 people. For inferential analysis of data obtained from standard questionnaires, based on Balaji & Roy research (2017), the correlation method based on structural equation modeling with partial least squares approach and SPSS and SmartPLS software were used. The results of the study showed that the perceived excellent performance had a positive and significant effect on the shared value creation and the intention to continue receiving services from the Internet of Things, as well as the perceived aesthetic demand on the perceived value creation and excellent performance of The Internet of Things and the intention to continue receiving services and the intention to verbally advertise has had a positive and significant effect, as well as the intention to continue receiving services has a positive effect on the intention to verbally advertise customers, but perceived ease of use and perceived existence do not have a positive effect on perceived shared value creation. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
1 - Knowledge Management,Culture, and Higher Education
Mohammadali NeumatiIssue 7 , Vol. 2 , Summer 2006This article has been prepared in an attempt to introduce the reader implication of knowledge management and culture of knowledge in the process of higher education development. It consists of three parts. The first part is designed to give the reader an analytical and MoreThis article has been prepared in an attempt to introduce the reader implication of knowledge management and culture of knowledge in the process of higher education development. It consists of three parts. The first part is designed to give the reader an analytical and historical insight into the major challenge in knowledge management involves organizational culture of knowledge sharing.The second part, the main body of the article, devoted to explored the importance of creation, development management of this strategic and its implication at universities and higher education institutions. In the final part, the role of information technology, human resource, and methodes in the process of knowledge management will be discussed. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
2 - Marketing activities in Small and Medium technology enterprises
Issue 43 , Vol. 11 , Summer 2015Small and medium enterprises have a central role in economic development and it is proposed about 80% of world economic growth is due of them. However, a high percentage of small enterprises are failed very soon. In high-tech field due to dependence on investment and th MoreSmall and medium enterprises have a central role in economic development and it is proposed about 80% of world economic growth is due of them. However, a high percentage of small enterprises are failed very soon. In high-tech field due to dependence on investment and the need for high initial investment, this kind of firms are faced with more difficulties. Lack of knowledge and marketing skills is one of the main reasons for the failure of these companies. It is obvious that marketing is the most important key element for success of technology-based small and medium enterprises and it should be a priority in their activities. The aim of this study is to identify marketing challenges in small and medium-sized technology based companies based on previous studies and experiences in Iranian Science and Technology Parks and Technology Incubators. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
3 - The Study of the Affecting Factors of Knowledge Based Firms’ Growth and Success
Mahdieh Tari Mahmod Moradi Mostafa Ebrahim pour AzbaryIssue 45 , Vol. 12 , Winter 2016Nowadays, according to development of academic research in the field of high technologies, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a pivotal role in stimulating entrepreneurial growth and economic prosperity. So it is necessary to answer the question that what factors MoreNowadays, according to development of academic research in the field of high technologies, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a pivotal role in stimulating entrepreneurial growth and economic prosperity. So it is necessary to answer the question that what factors causes this firms growth and success. The main purpose of this study is identifying the affecting factors of knowledge based firms growth and success by use of qualitative study. In terms of purpose, this study is practical and the analytical methodology was used. For this purpose semi-structured interview by using thematic analyzing is conducted. Experts whom interviewed are 20 executive managers of top and successful knowledge based firms located in Isfahan Science and Technology Town (ISTT) (Sheikh Bahai) in the last three years. The review of literature, and the results of interviews showed 3main themes that classify the affecting factors of knowledge based firms growth and success to 3 levels: individual, organizational and environmental. Based on the results, it seems that government and environmental conditions play a more important role in providing appropriate context for knowledge based firms’ growth and success. According to the interviews, view government and environmental conditions has main role in success and durability of knowledge based firms and spin-offs. Finally, based on the results, referring to existing shortcomings in the field of this firm’s activity and the main emphases of the experts, the necessary considerations for effective factors reinforcement has provided. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
4 - A Review of Knowledge-Based Economy: from the Formation to the Action; Case study: knowledge-based Economy in Iran
Abdollah Elm Khah Mahdi Sadeghi ShahdaniIssue 44 , Vol. 11 , Autumn 2015Theorists have predicted the emergence of the new economic era in which knowledge is the main source of wealth and economic output. In other words, in a new era, the economy is getting away from the resource-based method and is getting close to the knowledge-based one. MoreTheorists have predicted the emergence of the new economic era in which knowledge is the main source of wealth and economic output. In other words, in a new era, the economy is getting away from the resource-based method and is getting close to the knowledge-based one. Knowledge-based economy formed based on the production, distribution and application of knowledge and information. Therefore, investing in knowledge and knowledge-based industries got particular attentions. This paper reviews the literatures of knowledge-based economy due to its importance, and the emphasis of The Supreme Leader on special attentions of policy makers to implementation of it based on upstream documents. This article is provided according to the analytical and descriptive method based on available documents. The knowledge-based economy is addressed in the course of economic ideas, theories of knowledge-based economy, definitions, characteristics, advantages, elements, measuring indicators, policies of the knowledge-based economy in Iran, situation of Knowledge-based economy in Iran based on World Bank Index. At the end conclusion is presented. The results show that the fulfilling of the knowledge-based economy requires trained and skilled workforce, supportive government policies, making reform in society culture, efficient innovation system, indigenous knowledge, ICT, institutional and government stimulus, supporting intellectual property rights and so on. Although the World Bank 2005 report shows that there was a very significant imbalance between the indicators. By government efforts, the imbalance was declined slightly in 2007 and according to the latest World Bank report in 2012, Iran with an average 3/91 has gained the rank of 94 between 146 countries in terms of the knowledge-based economy. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
5 - Technology Growth, Learning Change
hamed abbasi kasani gholamreza shams mourkaniIssue 54 , Vol. 14 , Spring 2018The emergence of information and communication technology has opened a new window to human and has affected different aspects of his personal and social life. People effort to use ICT in many different ways by increasing their knowledge in this filed, such as using ICT MoreThe emergence of information and communication technology has opened a new window to human and has affected different aspects of his personal and social life. People effort to use ICT in many different ways by increasing their knowledge in this filed, such as using ICT in teaching and learning methods. ICT has a very important role in teaching and learning method. In fact, the role of ICT in evolving teaching and learning method is considerable. This paper aimed to investigate the ICT impact on the learning method changes. This study is a kind of review one. The library method and the deep study of available literature in related domestic and international essays and books in ICT field, Different learning method, the effect of ICT on learning, mobile learning, distance learning, correspondence learning, electronic learning, mobile learning, and blended learning are used to gather information. Research shows that the ICT progresses cause people move toward distance, lifelong, personalized and network learning apart from time and place. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
6 - Identify Indicators for Evaluating the Performance of Corporate Entrepreneurship
Saeed Safari Reza Abbasi Mozhgan Soltani AliabadIssue 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016Today, in different countries, paying particular attention to entrepreneurship and foster entrepreneurship, and create a favorable environment for its development, Considered to be as a particularly tool for economic development in developing countries. The need of orga MoreToday, in different countries, paying particular attention to entrepreneurship and foster entrepreneurship, and create a favorable environment for its development, Considered to be as a particularly tool for economic development in developing countries. The need of organizations to the phenomenon of entrepreneurship has been led to the creation of a certain territory of this concept that is called organizational entrepreneurship. As far as organizational entrepreneurship are transformed to one of the strategic approaches in organizations, to achieve high performance and great success. Choose this approach is effective for organizations when we can evaluate the results and provide organizational goals with proper management. So, having appropriate indicators to be used for the assessment of organizational entrepreneurship is very important. Therefore, this study seeks to identify appropriate indicators to evaluate the performance organizational entrepreneurship. For this purpose, after reviewing research literature, were extracted performance evaluation indicators, and with the help of the framework of EFQM Excellence Model, were classified in 9 categories. After refining the extracted indicators and removal of repetitive indicators, the 63 index that had remained, to determining the most important indicators, was placed in the hands of experts in the format of a questionnaire and Finally, by analyzing data obtained, were identified appropriate indicators to evaluate the performance. Results of present study, presented 29 indicators in nine criteria of: Leadership, Strategy, Employee, Partnerships and Resources, Processes, Products and Services, Customer Results, Employee Results, Society Results and Key Results; as the appropriate indicators to evaluating the performance of organizational entrepreneurship. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
7 - The Effect of Innovation Ambidexterity on Export Knowledge and Performance of new Products in Export Markets
Mostafa Ebrahim pour Azbary Milad Hoshmand Chayjani Mohsen AkbariIssue 42 , Vol. 11 , Spring 2015Export is one of the most important economic activities in the success of firms that has attracted attention of researchers and strategists. This attention is because of the convenience in using this strategy in entering in other international markets and due to benefit MoreExport is one of the most important economic activities in the success of firms that has attracted attention of researchers and strategists. This attention is because of the convenience in using this strategy in entering in other international markets and due to benefits of export in development firms. This has motivated firms to acquire export knowledge and train it in their companies in order to guarantee their successful performance in expert. Ambidexterity is an approach that can be effective in terms of creating export knowledge. Ambidexterity, (with two dimensions of exploitation and exploration) in export companies, helps organizations to use export knowledge more effectively and efficiently, in other words ambidexterity can help export companies acquire learning capabilities as a learning organization. As a result, this learning capability can lead to more proper new products in competition. This paper investigates the effect of innovation ambidexterity on export knowledge and new product performance. In literature section we reviewed export and competition in international markets, innovation, export knowledge and competition power, ambidexterity and its dimensions and new product development. After reviewing the literature, we created a model based on the literature and experts views. Experts verified our model and the proposed hypotheses after some discussions. Our proposed model shows that ambidexterity and its dimensions has a positive effect on export knowledge and an effect on export performance while export knowledge has a positive effect on export knowledge. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
8 - Developing a Conceptual Model of Strategic Agility in Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs)
Reza BandarianIssue 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016Research and technology management requires a more comprehensive holistic approach in order to achieve coordinated strategies. New approaches should force Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs) to proactive response to changes in the environment with the rapid tec MoreResearch and technology management requires a more comprehensive holistic approach in order to achieve coordinated strategies. New approaches should force Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs) to proactive response to changes in the environment with the rapid technological changes. RTOs by development of proactive features on their interior can achieve to a special ability called "strategic agility". Strategic agility is the ability to reform, renovate and renewal the organization, business model and strategies to cope with environmental changes. In this paper, in order to develop a comprehensive framework to achieve strategic agility in RTOs, first, all of the previous research in the field of strategic agility in the last few years have been reviewed and then adapt and adjust to the nature, characteristics and requirements of RTOs, finally the seven dimensions (key factors) and thirty one index for strategic agility in RTOs extracted and has been defined. The seven key factors are strategic sensitivity, clear vision, selecting strategic technological knowledge goals, identifying key capabilities, seizing and exploitation, continuous technological innovation and being proactive. This model is based on the combination of both internal and external organizational approach, and provides the basis for the assessment of strategic agility in RTOs. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
9 - Suitable Organizational Structure for Knowledge-Based Companies
Najaf Allahyari fard Rasoul AbbasiIssue 29 , Vol. 8 , Winter 2012Knowledge-based economy is modern economy that production and distribution is based on knowledge and knowledge itself is the main source of growth and wealth creation. Knowledge-based companies are generators of knowledge-based economy. Knowledge-based companies & insti MoreKnowledge-based economy is modern economy that production and distribution is based on knowledge and knowledge itself is the main source of growth and wealth creation. Knowledge-based companies are generators of knowledge-based economy. Knowledge-based companies & institutions are private or cooperative companies that cause synergy of science and wealth, development of knowledge-based economy, achievement of scientific and economic goals (including development and application of invention and innovation) and commercialization of research and development (including design and production of goods and services) in the high technology and high value-added production, particularly in the form of software. Knowledge-based companies can be divided into two categories: micro and macro. K-based companies have made some important features such as job creation, positive competitiveness, generation and development. Those companies are commensurate with their growing economies. Organizational structures of companies in many different companies and organizations are playing an efficient role. The types of organizations and companies determine organizational structure. In this study we reviewe organizational structures, including functional, productional, regional, Matrix, connectional, horizontal, network, associational, star, clover and Virtual. We propose a suitable pattern “network-Virtual-horizontal” for organizational structure of K-based companies. This organizational structure increases productivity in knowledge-based companies. Manuscript profile
Open Access Article
10 - Explaining Organizational Ambidexterity As a New Concept in the Management of Knowledge Based Organizations
Mahmod Moradi Mostafa Ebrahim pour Azbary Yaughob MambiniIssue 40 , Vol. 10 , Autumn 2015Organizational ambidexterity as a new managerial construct has been proposed in recent years. This concept is entering into the field of technology, innovation, entrepreneurship, organizational behavior, organizational design and strategy. Ambidexterity is viewed as a t MoreOrganizational ambidexterity as a new managerial construct has been proposed in recent years. This concept is entering into the field of technology, innovation, entrepreneurship, organizational behavior, organizational design and strategy. Ambidexterity is viewed as a tool to gain sustainable competitive advantage, business performance and firm survival. It can be achieved through organizations’ endeavor to exploit and explore available opportunities. Many companies have comprised the view that to function effectively in today’s economy, it is indispensable to become a knowledge-based organization. The Knowledge Based Organizations created in order to synergistically exploit science and wealth, develop knowledge based economy and strongly depend on innovation as a source of the competitive advantage. In this article, by systematically reviewing related literature, we have tried to illuminate the notion of ambidexterity. Structures and forms of organization ambidexterity in knowledge based organizations were revised and its role to improve the performance of knowledge based organizations has been clarified. Paper suggested that knowledge based organization through ambidexterity in management, structure and process could guarantee its survival in today’s dynamic environment. In the paper, organizational ambidexterity definition in explained. Furthermore, the necessary that knowledge based organization must pass on toward ambidexterity in explained. The sequential ambidexterity, structural ambidexterity and contextual ambidexterity as foremost typologies for ambidexterity is discussed. Manuscript profile