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    About the Journal

    Introduction:
    Technology Development (Roshd-e-Fanavari) is a journal of science and technology parks & incubators which is published by Rooyesh IT incubator (RITI), affiliated to Iranian Academic Center for Education Culture and Research (ACECR).
    The aim of the Journal of Technology Development (JTD) is to foster the growth of research activities among the experts of science and technology parks and incubators, It also provides a medium for mutual communication between the government, academia and the industry on the one hand, and the world science and technology community on the other.
    The principal language of the journal is Persian and English.
    The Journal welcomes original research contributions (previously unpublished), lessons learned and the case studies that cover various aspects of Innovation, networking, incubators management, Incubators operational models, Technology commercialization, Entrepreneurship, Science & Technology Parks, Research & Development, Business models, Marketing, Benchmarking of incubators and STPs, SMEs and Venture Capitals. The journal also includes technical virtual/real discussion panels and round tables in field of science and technology parks and incubators.
    Roshd-e-Fanavari is a member of COPE and endorses its guidelines, which are available at http://www.publicationethics.org

    Journal Target Community:
    The main target audiences of our journal are as follows:
    - Science and Technology Parks (STPs) and Incubators;
    - Universities;
    - Research institutes & Academic centers;
    - Executive policy makers in the field of technology.

    Journal Objectives:
    The aims and scopes of this journal are as follows:
    1. Reflecting the best practices and view points of experts in the field of technology.
    2. Providing information at national/international levels for science and technology parks and incubators.
    3. Providing an environment for exchanging ideas and consultation expertise in the fields of science and technology.
    4. Disseminating Experiences gathered from the results of technology commercialization.
    5. Promoting innovation and entrepreneurship amongst STP related organizations and SMEs.

     

     

    Ethical authorship and publication.

     Principles of Ethical Publishing in the quarterly Journal of roshdefanavari:

    1. That the corresponding author has the approval of all other listed authors for the submission and publication of all versions of the manuscript.
    2. That all people who have a right to be recognized as authors have been included on the list of authors and everyone listed as an author has made an independent material contribution to the manuscript.
    3. That the work submitted in the manuscript is original and has not been published elsewhere and is not presently under consideration of publication by any other journal. The oral or poster presentation of parts of the work and its publishing as a single page abstract does not count as prior publication for this purpose.
    4. That the material in the manuscript has been acquired according to modern ethical standards and does not contain material copied from anyone else without their written permission.
    5. That all material which derives from prior work, including from the same authors, is properly attributed to the prior publication by proper citation.
    6. That the manuscript will be maintained on the servers of the Journal and held to be a valid publication by the Journal only as long as all statements in these principles remain true.
    7. That if any of the statements above ceases to be true the authors have a duty to notify the journal as soon as possible so that the manuscript can be withdrawn.

     

    Scientific Misconduct and Unethical Practices

    The Roshdefanavari Journal accepts the definitions of plagiarism, fabrication and falsification, Scientific misconduct and unethical acts proposed in the:

    • ACECR (Academic Center of Education and culture of Research),
    • Ministry of science, Research and Technology,
    • of Culture and Islamic Guidance,

     The list below includes, but is not limited to, the following prohibited acts:

     

    1. Plagiarism, which includes the theft or misappropriation of intellectual property and the substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work. It does not include authorship or credit disputes. The theft or misappropriation of intellectual property includes the unauthorized use of ideas or unique methods obtained via a privileged communication, such as a grant or manuscript review. Substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work is defined as the unattributed verbatim or nearly verbatim copying of sentences and paragraphs which materially misleads the ordinary reader regarding the contributions of the author. It does not include the limited use of identical or nearly identical phrases which describe a commonly used methodology or previous research. The author must show the editor written permission to quote any information learned personally from another investigator or by reviewing applications for research grants. In the introduction, and especially in the discussion of a paper, the author should cite fairly the work of others that is relevant either to the origin or to the outcome of the research described, including references to original findings and seminal works.

     

    1. Fabrication, which includes making up results and recording or reporting them, in whole or in part.

     

    1. Falsification is manipulating research, materials, equipment or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record. It includes the suppressing or altering of data not in agreement with one's hypothesis.

     

    1. Redundant or duplicate publication, which includes the submission of a paper, or portion thereof, that overlaps with one already submitted or published. An author may not submit reports of the same or substantially overlapping research to more than one journal at the same time, unless the author can justify it in letters to both editors.

     

    1. Submission of animal or clinical research conducted without the approval of the institutional animal care and use committee or review board.

     

    1. Honorary authorship is not permitted in The Roshdefanavari Journal. Honorary authorship is the inclusion of authors who have not met The Roshdefanavari Journal’s definition of authors as described above. An author's signature on the copyright release form submitted with the manuscript and included in the byline of the manuscript indicates that the author agrees to share responsibility and accountability for the results. Alleged misconduct against an author on a manuscript will automatically entail investigation of all co-authors.

    Latest published articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - Analysis of the Effect of Brand Promotion on Human Resource Performance in Science and Technology Parks
      Dariush Poursarrajian Mohammad Saeed Taslimi Alinaghi Mashayekhi Ali  Haji Gholam Saryazdi Mojgan Soltani
      Iss. 70 , Vol. 18 , Spring 2022
      In the present age, intangible assets such as branding, quality, technology, innovation, creativity, and knowledge capital are the source of organizations' competitive advantage. Organizations need to be able to create the right mental image of themselves in the minds o Full Text
      In the present age, intangible assets such as branding, quality, technology, innovation, creativity, and knowledge capital are the source of organizations' competitive advantage. Organizations need to be able to create the right mental image of themselves in the minds of their community, customers, and employees to attract and retain motivated, committed, and talented human resources. Given the importance of this issue in science and technology parks as technology and knowledge-based institution, whose most important assets are knowledgeable people, this article seeks to use the system dynamics approach of dynamic relationships of brand promotion policy on human resource performance in the park. Examine science and technology and provide appropriate solutions to improve the structure, quality, and quantity at the level of parks and ultimately improve the performance of science and technology parks. In this regard, using the opinions of experts in in-depth interviews in group model building (GMB) sessions, the problem was explained and a dynamic hypothesis was developed and a qualitative model (cause and effect diagrams - CLDs) and a quantitative model (stock and flow diagram - SFD) were developed. The results of group modeling in this paper lead to the identification of three strategies to increase agility and performance flexibility through the development of revenue sources, development of national and international science and technology parks, development of communications, and the scope of influence and development of specialized institutions, Technology, and communication with industry/market. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      2 - A Framework For Evaluation of Startups Ecosystem (case study : Ecosystem of Bushehr Province)
      vida ranjbaran mehdi elyasi mehdi goodarzi
      Iss. 70 , Vol. 18 , Spring 2022
      One of the key concerns of policy-makers to help develop and improve new businesses to promote innovation and economic growth locally and nationally. But there are two important points in between First of all is what components need to come together to form ecosystem an Full Text
      One of the key concerns of policy-makers to help develop and improve new businesses to promote innovation and economic growth locally and nationally. But there are two important points in between First of all is what components need to come together to form ecosystem and do its best and Second, what should be the evaluation framework of these ecosystems in order to examine the activities of the actors of this ecosystem. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to find a framework for better assessing the ecosystem of startups and helping the local economy. For this purpose, after reviewing the research background and using library studies, the initial framework was designed and the final framework was adjusted through interviews with relevant experts and implemented in a case study in Bushehr province. Finally a framework with 7 main components and 68 indices was developed. Examination of the mean of the main components showed that the mean of none of the factors was high and only the culture component was slightly above average. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Designing a Structural Interpretive Analysis Model for Factors Affecting the Formation of Knowledge-Based Companies
      milad bakhsham nader naderi mahdi hossein pour
      Iss. 70 , Vol. 18 , Spring 2022
      Today, the most sustainable economic growth is related to the knowledge based economy, in which knowledge based companies play an important role in advancing its goals. The purpose of this study is to identify and prioritize the factors affecting the creation of knowled Full Text
      Today, the most sustainable economic growth is related to the knowledge based economy, in which knowledge based companies play an important role in advancing its goals. The purpose of this study is to identify and prioritize the factors affecting the creation of knowledge-based companies. The present study is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in terms of data collection. In order to prepare the data, first by reviewing the theoretical foundations and opinions of 21 experts as members of the Delphi panel, 30 factors were identified as effective factors in the creation of knowledge based companies. Experts and research specialists were the managers (owners) of knowledge based companies in Kermanshah province and experts in the field of business and entrepreneurship of Razi University who were selected by purposive sampling method according to indicators such as experience, expertise, willingness and ability to participate and availability. Data collection tool in Delphi method is a researcher-made questionnaire whose reliability was checked by retest method which was confirmed with a correlation coefficient of 0.70 of the questionnaire and in order to check the validity of the questionnaire, the content content validity coefficient was used. This criterion, each of the factors of the Delphi questionnaire was removed or confirmed. In order to analyze the data obtained from the Delphi method, which is 21 factors affecting the creation of knowledge based companies, the structural-interpretive modeling method was used. Finally, the results showed that the two factors of more attention of the government and universities to the technology transfer offices of universities and providing advice in the field of feasibility, future research and marketing for people wanting to start a knowledge-based company are at the key level of research factors. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Providing an IT commercialization model in online business by focusing on tourism industry
      Hamed Khatami Nejad mohammad ali nasimi Behzad Farrokh Seresht
      Iss. 70 , Vol. 18 , Spring 2022
      One of the main reasons for the rapid development of technology in industrialized countries has been the attention to the commercialization process. Commercialization is a prerequisite for achieving competitive advantages and entering today's businesses in various fiel Full Text
      One of the main reasons for the rapid development of technology in industrialized countries has been the attention to the commercialization process. Commercialization is a prerequisite for achieving competitive advantages and entering today's businesses in various fields of information technology. The purpose of this study is to present an IT commercialization model in online businesses. In order to conduct the research, the qualitative research approach and based on the data method of the foundation using semi-structured interviews with experts in the field of information technology commercialization have been used. The sample size included a total of 12 people by judgmental sampling method until theoretical saturation was achieved. Data encoding was performed using Max Kyoda software. Findings showed that commercialization of information technology in online businesses with 10 components including (economic factors, legal issues, structure, factors related to marketing, management factors, factors affecting business, political issues, cultural prerequisites , Business environment, technology management) were explained. It is suggested that in order to achieve successful commercialization in online tourism businesses, infrastructure indicators should be constantly monitored. Prioritize cultural support for the organization's commercialization activities, change and encourage consumer attitudes, and create a positive attitude toward information technology. Due to the lack of research in the field of commercialization of knowledge-based products, it is suggested to study the model of commercialization of knowledge-based products with emphasis on information technology. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      5 - Analysis of factors affecting the development of entrepreneurship in the oil industry
      mohammad panahi nima Ranjijafroodi majid nasiri
      Iss. 70 , Vol. 18 , Spring 2022
      Many large organizations today use entrepreneurship as a way to gain a long-term competitive advantage. The importance of entrepreneurship in different industries and areas is not the same for governments and some parent industries such as the oil industry have a specia Full Text
      Many large organizations today use entrepreneurship as a way to gain a long-term competitive advantage. The importance of entrepreneurship in different industries and areas is not the same for governments and some parent industries such as the oil industry have a special place, so the purpose of this study was to analyze the factors affecting the development of entrepreneurship in the oil industry. This research was applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-survey in terms of implementation method, which was performed by mixed exploratory method. In the qualitative stage, the research team consisted of 28 university experts who were selected by judgment and snowball method. In the quantitative stage of the statistical population, all oil industry experts were 3710 people. The sample size according to Krejcie and Morgan table was 348 people and simple random sampling method was used. The Delphi method has been used to identify the factors and the structural equations method with the Smart Payals software has been used to analyze the relationships of the variables. The results showed that the effective factors on entrepreneurship development include 27 components in the form of six dimensions (environmental-institutional, blue ocean strategy, opportunity, human factors, organizational factors, managerial factors). Also, the analysis of structural equations showed that environmental-institutional (0.386), blue ocean strategy (0.423), opportunity (0.342), human factors (0.318), organizational factors (0.370), managerial factors ( 0.455) have a positive and significant effect on the development of entrepreneurship in the oil industry. Finally, it can be said that the entry of entrepreneurship into this industry can save the oil industry from the current inefficiency and lead to solving problems such as oil equipment and oil sales. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Presenthing Metasynthesis and Interpretive Structural Modelling Approaches in Modeling the Cloud Business Intelligence in SMEs
      Fatemeh Hamidinava َAbdolhamid Ebrahimy ROOHALLAH SAMIEE HOSSEIN Dide Khani
      Iss. 70 , Vol. 18 , Spring 2022
      Tourism small and medium enterprises (TSMEs( are more responsive to market demand when compared with larger companies. And if they use business intelligence system, they can enjoy high competition. The cloud platform for implementing business intelligence reduces mainte Full Text
      Tourism small and medium enterprises (TSMEs( are more responsive to market demand when compared with larger companies. And if they use business intelligence system, they can enjoy high competition. The cloud platform for implementing business intelligence reduces maintenance and implementation costs for these businesses.The globalization of the markets requires the adaptation of the firm for business sustainability . Cloud deployments of BI and analytics platforms have the potential to reduce cost of ownership and speed time to deployment. In order to subsist, TSMEs have to take advantage of the new technology and new concepts for survival .The statistical population in the qualitative phase included 19 academics and experienced experts in the area of business intelligence .chosen by the purposive sampling approach. Further, in the quantitative phase, 393 people among the mangers of small and medium-sized enterprises in the Mazandaran Province, Iran, were participated. In the current study, the Meta-synthesis method has been utilized to identify the fundamental categories of business intelligence (BI). Fuzzy Delphi method (FDM) has been applied for parameter validation purposes, and eventually, the Cloud business intelligence model has been presented through exploiting the interpretive structural modeling. Final indices, 6 main factors, 27 sub-factors and 34 identifiers were obtained. In this regard, the data analysis process has been performed by MATLAB and MicMac software. Our research has shown that the two main themes of business stimuli and characteristics have the highest influence on other variables.. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      7 - Designing a digital entrepreneurship model with an interpretive structural modeling approach
      hossein alikhani alireza isfandyari parviz saeedi
      Iss. 70 , Vol. 18 , Spring 2022
      Entering the age that is common in the information society, entrepreneurship in the digital space as a new approach to starting businesses based on a new thinking and idea has found a prominent place among service and production activists. He was the founder of Mazandar Full Text
      Entering the age that is common in the information society, entrepreneurship in the digital space as a new approach to starting businesses based on a new thinking and idea has found a prominent place among service and production activists. He was the founder of Mazandaran province that structural and interpretive modeling method was used in designing this model. The research method was descriptive-correlational. According to the research background,39components were selected in the form of seven dimensions (structural-strategy-management-people-technology-content-environment).Then,the opinions of 20 university professors and managers of knowledge-based companies who were experts in the field of digital entrepreneurship were used. Interpretive structural modeling and MICMAC analysis were used to cluster the dimensions of digital entrepreneurship. ISM results showed that the foundation of digital entrepreneurship is first (structural-technological), second (managerial), third (strategy) and fourth (people-content-environmental). Also, after MICMAC analysis, the dimensions (structural-technology) in the independent cluster and the dimensions (individuals-content-environment) in the dependent cluster and the dimensions (strategy-management) in the autonomous cluster were included. Finally, it can be said that digital entrepreneurship is important not only for technology companies and IT sectors, but also for all industries. Manuscript Document
    Most Viewed Articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - A Review of Knowledge-Based Economy: from the Formation to the Action; Case study: knowledge-based Economy in Iran
      Abdollah Elm Khah Mahdi Sadeghi Shahdani
      Iss. 44 , Vol. 11 , Autumn 2015
      Theorists have predicted the emergence of the new economic era in which knowledge is the main source of wealth and economic output. In other words, in a new era, the economy is getting away from the resource-based method and is getting close to the knowledge-based one. Full Text
      Theorists have predicted the emergence of the new economic era in which knowledge is the main source of wealth and economic output. In other words, in a new era, the economy is getting away from the resource-based method and is getting close to the knowledge-based one. Knowledge-based economy formed based on the production, distribution and application of knowledge and information. Therefore, investing in knowledge and knowledge-based industries got particular attentions. This paper reviews the literatures of knowledge-based economy due to its importance, and the emphasis of The Supreme Leader on special attentions of policy makers to implementation of it based on upstream documents. This article is provided according to the analytical and descriptive method based on available documents. The knowledge-based economy is addressed in the course of economic ideas, theories of knowledge-based economy, definitions, characteristics, advantages, elements, measuring indicators, policies of the knowledge-based economy in Iran, situation of Knowledge-based economy in Iran based on World Bank Index. At the end conclusion is presented. The results show that the fulfilling of the knowledge-based economy requires trained and skilled workforce, supportive government policies, making reform in society culture, efficient innovation system, indigenous knowledge, ICT, institutional and government stimulus, supporting intellectual property rights and so on. Although the World Bank 2005 report shows that there was a very significant imbalance between the indicators. By government efforts, the imbalance was declined slightly in 2007 and according to the latest World Bank report in 2012, Iran with an average 3/91 has gained the rank of 94 between 146 countries in terms of the knowledge-based economy. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Technology Growth, Learning Change
      hamed abbasi kasani gholamreza shams mourkani
      Iss. 54 , Vol. 14 , Spring 2018
      The emergence of information and communication technology has opened a new window to human and has affected different aspects of his personal and social life. People effort to use ICT in many different ways by increasing their knowledge in this filed, such as using ICT Full Text
      The emergence of information and communication technology has opened a new window to human and has affected different aspects of his personal and social life. People effort to use ICT in many different ways by increasing their knowledge in this filed, such as using ICT in teaching and learning methods. ICT has a very important role in teaching and learning method. In fact, the role of ICT in evolving teaching and learning method is considerable. This paper aimed to investigate the ICT impact on the learning method changes. This study is a kind of review one. The library method and the deep study of available literature in related domestic and international essays and books in ICT field, Different learning method, the effect of ICT on learning, mobile learning, distance learning, correspondence learning, electronic learning, mobile learning, and blended learning are used to gather information. Research shows that the ICT progresses cause people move toward distance, lifelong, personalized and network learning apart from time and place. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Identify Indicators for Evaluating the Performance of Corporate Entrepreneurship
      Saeed Safari Reza Abbasi Mozhgan Soltani Aliabad
      Iss. 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016
      Today, in different countries, paying particular attention to entrepreneurship and foster entrepreneurship, and create a favorable environment for its development, Considered to be as a particularly tool for economic development in developing countries. The need of orga Full Text
      Today, in different countries, paying particular attention to entrepreneurship and foster entrepreneurship, and create a favorable environment for its development, Considered to be as a particularly tool for economic development in developing countries. The need of organizations to the phenomenon of entrepreneurship has been led to the creation of a certain territory of this concept that is called organizational entrepreneurship. As far as organizational entrepreneurship are transformed to one of the strategic approaches in organizations, to achieve high performance and great success. Choose this approach is effective for organizations when we can evaluate the results and provide organizational goals with proper management. So, having appropriate indicators to be used for the assessment of organizational entrepreneurship is very important. Therefore, this study seeks to identify appropriate indicators to evaluate the performance organizational entrepreneurship. For this purpose, after reviewing research literature, were extracted performance evaluation indicators, and with the help of the framework of EFQM Excellence Model, were classified in 9 categories. After refining the extracted indicators and removal of repetitive indicators, the 63 index that had remained, to determining the most important indicators, was placed in the hands of experts in the format of a questionnaire and Finally, by analyzing data obtained, were identified appropriate indicators to evaluate the performance. Results of present study, presented 29 indicators in nine criteria of: Leadership, Strategy, Employee, Partnerships and Resources, Processes, Products and Services, Customer Results, Employee Results, Society Results and Key Results; as the appropriate indicators to evaluating the performance of organizational entrepreneurship. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      4 - The Study of the Affecting Factors of Knowledge Based Firms’ Growth and Success
      Mahdieh  Tari Mahmod Moradi Mostafa Ebrahim pour Azbary
      Iss. 45 , Vol. 12 , Winter 2016
      Nowadays, according to development of academic research in the field of high technologies, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a pivotal role in stimulating entrepreneurial growth and economic prosperity. So it is necessary to answer the question that what factors Full Text
      Nowadays, according to development of academic research in the field of high technologies, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a pivotal role in stimulating entrepreneurial growth and economic prosperity. So it is necessary to answer the question that what factors causes this firms growth and success. The main purpose of this study is identifying the affecting factors of knowledge based firms growth and success by use of qualitative study. In terms of purpose, this study is practical and the analytical methodology was used. For this purpose semi-structured interview by using thematic analyzing is conducted. Experts whom interviewed are 20 executive managers of top and successful knowledge based firms located in Isfahan Science and Technology Town (ISTT) (Sheikh Bahai) in the last three years. The review of literature, and the results of interviews showed 3main themes that classify the affecting factors of knowledge based firms growth and success to 3 levels: individual, organizational and environmental. Based on the results, it seems that government and environmental conditions play a more important role in providing appropriate context for knowledge based firms’ growth and success. According to the interviews, view government and environmental conditions has main role in success and durability of knowledge based firms and spin-offs. Finally, based on the results, referring to existing shortcomings in the field of this firm’s activity and the main emphases of the experts, the necessary considerations for effective factors reinforcement has provided. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      5 - Assessment of Knowledge and Ability of Knowledge Workers in Knowledge Based Organizations using Shannon Human Potential Model
      Abass Afrazeh Mohammad Alimoradi Sajad Golmohamadi
      Iss. 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016
      Creativity appearance in organizations surprisingly affects in successful solving of problems, their survival, and reaching to desirable point of competitiveness and industrial productivity. In one side industrial organizations with decentralizing approach from organiza Full Text
      Creativity appearance in organizations surprisingly affects in successful solving of problems, their survival, and reaching to desirable point of competitiveness and industrial productivity. In one side industrial organizations with decentralizing approach from organizational structure in the form of giving authority from managers to lower levels are going to reach to economical efficiency, creativity and finally to a higher productivity. In this article looking at Hanson Theory about decentralizing strategies, we have identified equifinality (using different technologies, methods, and resources for reaching to a creatively predetermined and great result) as a loosely strategies of decentralization. Considering researches have been done in a context of creativity and equifinality as a Decentralized Management Approach, we can see lots of researchers referred to the importance necessity of this phenomenon as a one of open system characteristics to intensify creativity, competitiveness’ prosperity, and productivity. But a comprehensive research has not been observed in related with correlation of creativity and equifinality in industrial organizations’ subject in a special case. In this research with using content Analysis method, a new category of equifinality usages in organization that causes creativity results, have been attempted to represent by surveying the past studies in relation with “decentralized management and equifinality” and “equifinality and creativity”. With revision and surveying the theories of different researchers in relation with the subject of decentralized management, equifinality and creativity, research's result subdivided in two dimensions accompanied with its components namely “equifinality and work process”, and “equifinality and structure”. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Developing a Conceptual Model of Strategic Agility in Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs)
      Reza Bandarian
      Iss. 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016
      Research and technology management requires a more comprehensive holistic approach in order to achieve coordinated strategies. New approaches should force Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs) to proactive response to changes in the environment with the rapid tec Full Text
      Research and technology management requires a more comprehensive holistic approach in order to achieve coordinated strategies. New approaches should force Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs) to proactive response to changes in the environment with the rapid technological changes. RTOs by development of proactive features on their interior can achieve to a special ability called "strategic agility". Strategic agility is the ability to reform, renovate and renewal the organization, business model and strategies to cope with environmental changes. In this paper, in order to develop a comprehensive framework to achieve strategic agility in RTOs, first, all of the previous research in the field of strategic agility in the last few years have been reviewed and then adapt and adjust to the nature, characteristics and requirements of RTOs, finally the seven dimensions (key factors) and thirty one index for strategic agility in RTOs extracted and has been defined. The seven key factors are strategic sensitivity, clear vision, selecting strategic technological knowledge goals, identifying key capabilities, seizing and exploitation, continuous technological innovation and being proactive. This model is based on the combination of both internal and external organizational approach, and provides the basis for the assessment of strategic agility in RTOs. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      7 - Suitable Organizational Structure for Knowledge-Based Companies
      Najaf Allahyari fard Rasoul Abbasi
      Iss. 29 , Vol. 8 , Winter 2012
      Knowledge-based economy is modern economy that production and distribution is based on knowledge and knowledge itself is the main source of growth and wealth creation. Knowledge-based companies are generators of knowledge-based economy. Knowledge-based companies & insti Full Text
      Knowledge-based economy is modern economy that production and distribution is based on knowledge and knowledge itself is the main source of growth and wealth creation. Knowledge-based companies are generators of knowledge-based economy. Knowledge-based companies & institutions are private or cooperative companies that cause synergy of science and wealth, development of knowledge-based economy, achievement of scientific and economic goals (including development and application of invention and innovation) and commercialization of research and development (including design and production of goods and services) in the high technology and high value-added production, particularly in the form of software. Knowledge-based companies can be divided into two categories: micro and macro. K-based companies have made some important features such as job creation, positive competitiveness, generation and development. Those companies are commensurate with their growing economies. Organizational structures of companies in many different companies and organizations are playing an efficient role. The types of organizations and companies determine organizational structure. In this study we reviewe organizational structures, including functional, productional, regional, Matrix, connectional, horizontal, network, associational, star, clover and Virtual. We propose a suitable pattern “network-Virtual-horizontal” for organizational structure of K-based companies. This organizational structure increases productivity in knowledge-based companies. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      8 - Investigation of Factors Affecting Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Development in Agricultural Knowledge-Based business (Case Study: Tabarestan Technology Incubator)
      mohammad mehdi mardanshahi
      Iss. 52 , Vol. 13 , Autumn 2017
      Today, in many of developed and developing countries, the agricultural sector plays an important role in food production, employment and trade. Furthermore knowledge- based companies are as a key option to produce wealth in developing countries and the effective role of Full Text
      Today, in many of developed and developing countries, the agricultural sector plays an important role in food production, employment and trade. Furthermore knowledge- based companies are as a key option to produce wealth in developing countries and the effective role of information and communication technology in business development has become more evident. Therefore the purpose of this study was to Investigation of Factors Affecting Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Development in Agricultural Knowledge-Based business.This research is descriptive-survey based on the method of doing and in terms of target, is functional. The research instrument used was a questionnaire. Its validity was confirmed by a panel of experts and also its reliability was reported 0/793 (the Cronbach's alpha). The population of this study included 24 managers of Agricultural Knowledge-Based business, based at Tabarestan Technology Incubator. They were selected by Census method. Data analysis was carried out in two parts: a description and analysis was performed using the SPSS21 software. The results showed that Infrastructure factor is the most important component in the development of Information and Communication Technology. The Computers and Internet are the most important of Infrastructure factor and they have a fundamental role in developing business, especially agricultural knowledge-based businesses. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      9 - The Role of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in the Development of Economic Activities in Malaysia
      Saeed KiyanPour Roya Tolaei
      Iss. 38 , Vol. 10 , Spring 2014
      In The world's most developed countries, policies to support small and medium enterprises in order to increase growth, income generating employment and reducing poverty in the forefront of economic or social - are governments’ important priorities. Essential characteris Full Text
      In The world's most developed countries, policies to support small and medium enterprises in order to increase growth, income generating employment and reducing poverty in the forefront of economic or social - are governments’ important priorities. Essential characteristics of small and medium enterprises, including flexibility in face with market changes, rapid attainment of the activities, initiatives and high motivation of staffs and limited initial capital requirements, have caused growth, innovation and economic dynamism in transition economies of the firms. This study aimed to identify small and medium sized manufacturing firms with rapid growth, and determine their contribution to the Malaysian economy. Malaysia's Vision 2020 has planned development policies through enterprise and small business enhancement. These companies play a significant role in the economic breakthrough of Malaysia. These companies have allocated 93.8% of the operating companies in the industrial sector, 27.3% of total manufacturing production, 25.8% of value-added in production, 27.6% of the fixed assets and 38.9% of the employees of the country. Evidences suggest that these companies have major contribution in national economic development in Malaysia. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      10 - Confidentiality agreement: a reliable way to prevent disclosure of IPRs owners' confidential information
      Mostafa  Bakhtiarvand Akram Aghamohammadi
      Iss. 48 , Vol. 12 , Autumn 2016
      IPRs owners, especially inventors, from the creation of idea up to its commercialization are often faced with disclosure of confidential information delivered to third parties during license agreement negotiations. In fact, the main purpose of confidentiality agreements Full Text
      IPRs owners, especially inventors, from the creation of idea up to its commercialization are often faced with disclosure of confidential information delivered to third parties during license agreement negotiations. In fact, the main purpose of confidentiality agreements is to protect different types of IPRs including know-how, trade secrets, etc. with a view to prepare the background for proper and effective supervision and management of their exploitation. The use of non-disclosure agreements in high-tech sector, specifically for computer and internet companies is a common in license agreement negotiations. On the other hand, researchers and inventors in knowledge-based companies may be faced with challenges like disclosure of confidential information in the process of acquiring IPRs protection. The important point is the ignorance of many idea owners and inventors as to how such agreements are concluded. When delivering confidential information, non-disclosure agreement covers merely this information and is concluded for its protection before license agreement is concluded or during license agreement negotiations. Signing and entering into such agreements, without knowledge of laws and their characteristics, may cause dangerous and heavy obligations for parties. In this paper, with an analytic-descriptive approach, we define non-disclosure agreement, its necessity, function, types and common terms and conditions. The results of this paper indicate the necessity of delivering accurate and efficient information to IPRs owners regarding entering into confidentiality agreements and the need to modify the current legal structure in order to protect their rights. Manuscript Document
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