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    Roshd -e- Fanavari ( Scientific Extension )
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  • About the journal

    About the Journal

    Introduction:
    Technology Development (Roshd-e-Fanavari) is a journal of science and technology parks & incubators which is published by Rooyesh IT incubator (RITI), affiliated to Iranian Academic Center for Education Culture and Research (ACECR).
    The aim of the Journal of Technology Development (JTD) is to foster the growth of research activities among the experts of science and technology parks and incubators, It also provides a medium for mutual communication between the government, academia and the industry on the one hand, and the world science and technology community on the other.
    The principal language of the journal is Persian and English.
    The Journal welcomes original research contributions (previously unpublished), lessons learned and the case studies that cover various aspects of Innovation, networking, incubators management, Incubators operational models, Technology commercialization, Entrepreneurship, Science & Technology Parks, Research & Development, Business models, Marketing, Benchmarking of incubators and STPs, SMEs and Venture Capitals. The journal also includes technical virtual/real discussion panels and round tables in field of science and technology parks and incubators.
    Roshd-e-Fanavari is a member of COPE and endorses its guidelines, which are available at http://www.publicationethics.org

    Journal Target Community:
    The main target audiences of our journal are as follows:
    - Science and Technology Parks (STPs) and Incubators;
    - Universities;
    - Research institutes & Academic centers;
    - Executive policy makers in the field of technology.

    Aims and Scopes:
    The aims and scopes of this journal are as follows:
    1. Reflecting the best practices and view points of experts in the field of technology.
    2. Providing information at national/international levels for science and technology parks and incubators.
    3. Providing an environment for exchanging ideas and consultation expertise in the fields of science and technology.
    4. Disseminating Experiences gathered from the results of technology commercialization.
    5. Promoting innovation and entrepreneurship amongst STP related organizations and SMEs.

    Ethical authorship and publication.

     Principles of Ethical Publishing in the quarterly Journal of roshdefanavari:

    1. That the corresponding author has the approval of all other listed authors for the submission and publication of all versions of the manuscript.
    2. That all people who have a right to be recognized as authors have been included on the list of authors and everyone listed as an author has made an independent material contribution to the manuscript.
    3. That the work submitted in the manuscript is original and has not been published elsewhere and is not presently under consideration of publication by any other journal. The oral or poster presentation of parts of the work and its publishing as a single page abstract does not count as prior publication for this purpose.
    4. That the material in the manuscript has been acquired according to modern ethical standards and does not contain material copied from anyone else without their written permission.
    5. That all material which derives from prior work, including from the same authors, is properly attributed to the prior publication by proper citation.
    6. That the manuscript will be maintained on the servers of the Journal and held to be a valid publication by the Journal only as long as all statements in these principles remain true.
    7. That if any of the statements above ceases to be true the authors have a duty to notify the journal as soon as possible so that the manuscript can be withdrawn.

     

    plagiarism policy

    Scientific Misconduct and Unethical Practices

    The Roshdefanavari Journal accepts the definitions of plagiarism, fabrication and falsification, Scientific misconduct and unethical acts proposed in the:

    • ACECR (Academic Center of Education and culture of Research),
    • Ministry of science, Research and Technology,
    • of Culture and Islamic Guidance,

     The list below includes, but is not limited to, the following prohibited acts:

    1. Plagiarism, which includes the theft or misappropriation of intellectual property and the substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work. It does not include authorship or credit disputes. The theft or misappropriation of intellectual property includes the unauthorized use of ideas or unique methods obtained via a privileged communication, such as a grant or manuscript review. Substantial unattributed textual copying of another's work is defined as the unattributed verbatim or nearly verbatim copying of sentences and paragraphs which materially misleads the ordinary reader regarding the contributions of the author. It does not include the limited use of identical or nearly identical phrases which describe a commonly used methodology or previous research. The author must show the editor written permission to quote any information learned personally from another investigator or by reviewing applications for research grants. In the introduction, and especially in the discussion of a paper, the author should cite fairly the work of others that is relevant either to the origin or to the outcome of the research described, including references to original findings and seminal works.
    1. Fabrication, which includes making up results and recording or reporting them, in whole or in part.
    1. Falsification is manipulating research, materials, equipment or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record. It includes the suppressing or altering of data not in agreement with one's hypothesis.
    1. Redundant or duplicate publication, which includes the submission of a paper, or portion thereof, that overlaps with one already submitted or published. An author may not submit reports of the same or substantially overlapping research to more than one journal at the same time, unless the author can justify it in letters to both editors.
    1. Submission of animal or clinical research conducted without the approval of the institutional animal care and use committee or review board.
    1. Honorary authorship is not permitted in The Roshdefanavari Journal. Honorary authorship is the inclusion of authors who have not met The Roshdefanavari Journal’s definition of authors as described above. An author's signature on the copyright release form submitted with the manuscript and included in the byline of the manuscript indicates that the author agrees to share responsibility and accountability for the results. Alleged misconduct against an author on a manuscript will automatically entail investigation of all co-authors.
    • Open Access

      This is an Open Access Journal. In other words, access to all published papers in this Journal is free from the date of publication and there is no charge for downloading papers. Researchers are allowed to read, download, distribute, print, search or get access to the full text of papers without a prior permission of the publisher or authors as long as the author of the original work is cited. Authors grant publisher a permission to publish the paper and identify itself as the original publisher.


    Recent Articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - Designing a Technological Entrepreneurship Model in Keshavarzi Bank
      mohammadbagher rabbani mahmoodreza mostaghimi Ebrahim  Abbasi Ahmad Mehrabian
      Issue 78 , Vol. 20 , Spring 2024
      Today, banks are one of the most important organizations in the development of entrepreneurship in the country and the development of technology in the monetary and banking markets has led the banking industry to use technological entrepreneurship to improve efficiency. More
      Today, banks are one of the most important organizations in the development of entrepreneurship in the country and the development of technology in the monetary and banking markets has led the banking industry to use technological entrepreneurship to improve efficiency. Therefore, the aim of this study was to design a technological entrepreneurship model in Keshavarzi Bank. The present research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-correlation based on the method. The statistical population in the qualitative stage was 20 experts who were selected by purposive judgment and in the quantitative stage, the employees of the Agricultural Bank of Golestan Province were 250. The sample size according to Krejcie and Morgan table was 152 people and for simple random sampling used. The Delphi method was used to identify the factors and the structural equation modeling method with Smart PLS3 software was used to design the model. Delphi results showed that the factors affecting technological entrepreneurship include 36 components in 7 dimensions (inter-organizational, structural, institutional, skill, managerial, market and customer interactions, technology). Also, the results of structural equation modeling showed inter-organizational interactions (0/792), structural (0/841), institutional (0/846), skill (0/726), managerial (0/628), market and customers (0/598), technology (0/491) have a positive and significant impact on technological entrepreneurship. Finally, it can be said that technological entrepreneurship is considered as an important strategy for the agricultural bank in order to remain in a highly competitive environment. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Identifying and prioritizing emerging technologies in road transportation with a multi-criteria decision-making method
      mehrnoosh bastenegar Reza Pouya Nasrin Sakhaian Haji Mohammadi
      Issue 78 , Vol. 20 , Spring 2024
      Today, issues such as reducing energy resources, environmental pollution, increasing material and spiritual damages caused by accidents and accidents, monitoring and managing extra-urban transportation, increasing wasted time, and the rapid growth of transportation dema More
      Today, issues such as reducing energy resources, environmental pollution, increasing material and spiritual damages caused by accidents and accidents, monitoring and managing extra-urban transportation, increasing wasted time, and the rapid growth of transportation demand in the world has become serious problem in The road transport sector has changed. This is despite the fact that smooth and safe transportation is one of the most basic infrastructures for development and increasing the level of well-being and social welfare of any country. On the other hand, the rapid growth of emerging technologies, which play a driving role in various industries and economic sectors and lead the transportation industry towards smartening, increasing efficiency, and raising the level of service quality, are of interest to policymakers and programs. Rizan of the country has been placed to solve the serious problems of this field by using these emerging technologies. Due to the limited resources, firstly comprehensive knowledge and then prioritization of these technologies can be a step to get out of the current situation. For this purpose, in this research, an attempt has been made to identify emerging technologies in road transportation by conducting library studies, and then prioritize them using the multi-criteria decision-making method (TOPSIS)... The results show that according to the indicators of the national strategic goals in this sector, the technology of "smart communication networks" ranks first, followed by the technologies of "smart buses" and "traffic automation" with a small difference. They are in the second and third ranks and with an index close to the first rank. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Investigating the Impact of Digital Economy on Marketing on Export Development and Economic Growth of Hamedan Capillary Functions Approach
      ali panahi fard Mohammad piri Saeed KiyanPour
      Issue 78 , Vol. 20 , Spring 2024
      One of the most important and influential areas, both in terms of its impact on the economic sector and marketing potentials and considering the socio-cultural effects, has brought about significant changes, the development of communication technologies and consequently More
      One of the most important and influential areas, both in terms of its impact on the economic sector and marketing potentials and considering the socio-cultural effects, has brought about significant changes, the development of communication technologies and consequently the development of dimensions such as economics. It is digital. This wide range of ICT-based e-marketing, and its subset e-commerce, algorithmic decision-making in marketing; Which is collectively called algorithmic economics; Covers the use of automated digital technologies in production. In this study, the impact of digital economy on marketing on export development and economic growth of Hamedan during the years 1391-1391 has been investigated. According to the results of this study, there is a positive return between digital economy and economic growth as well as digital economy and exports in Hamedan province, in other words, there is transmission. In relation to the first hypothesis, the digital economy index shows a positive and significant relationship on the economic growth of the province. In addition to the second hypothesis, any boom through the influence of digital technologies affects the province's export development, and in relation to export dependence and digital economy, it can be said that the Tawn capillary was chosen, which is one of the capillaries that can describe the asymmetric dependency structure. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Identify organizational assets and evaluate it in coronary conditions
      hajieh rajabi farjad nasim asadi
      Issue 78 , Vol. 20 , Spring 2024
      Background and Aim: The present study sought to identify organizational assets in the General Office of Deeds and Property Registration of Khuzestan Province and evaluate it during the Corona period. Methods: The approach of this research is qualitative-quantitative an More
      Background and Aim: The present study sought to identify organizational assets in the General Office of Deeds and Property Registration of Khuzestan Province and evaluate it during the Corona period. Methods: The approach of this research is qualitative-quantitative and applied. The statistical population of the study was the experts of the General Registry of Deeds and Real Estate of Khuzestan Province. Sampling is until we reach the saturation point in a purposeful non-random manner and the statistical population of the staff research in the quantitative department is 528 people. According to it, in the quantitative part, 153 people were selected based on the Cochran's formula and with an error level of 5%, as a statistical sample and in a relative random method according to the table. Data collection tools were used in the qualitative part of the interview. In the quantitative part, a questionnaire was prepared through interviews and distributed among the employees of the General Directorate of Deeds and Property Registration . Results: The content analysis method was used to analyze the content of the interviews. In the next step, structural equations were used to fit the model. Findings showed that the organizational assets of the General Office of Deeds and Property Registration of during the Corona period were in the form of 9 main categories and 38 sub-categories. Discussion: According to the obtained results, it can be claimed that the categories of job security, physical capital, . Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - The effect of aesthetics, experience-economy and satisfaction from augmented reality marketing on travel intention and joint social experience in the food tourism industry (Case study of Tehran)
      Yazdan  Shirmohammadi Zahra Mehdipour Sinaei Soolmaz
      Issue 78 , Vol. 20 , Spring 2024
      One of the important sectors in tourism is paying attention to food , which restaurants should pay attention to in various matters such as advertising. In this research, the impact of experience-economic and satisfaction of augmented reality marketing on travel intentio More
      One of the important sectors in tourism is paying attention to food , which restaurants should pay attention to in various matters such as advertising. In this research, the impact of experience-economic and satisfaction of augmented reality marketing on travel intention and shared social experience in the food tourism industry in Tehran has been investigated. This research is applied in terms of purpose and in terms of descriptive-correlation method. and its statistical population is the customers of tourist restaurants in Tehran, which 384 people have been selected as a sample due to the unlimited number of people. The data collection tool was a standard questionnaire, whose face validity was confirmed by using the opinion of faculty management department professors and construct validity by using factor analysis and the reliability of the variables was confirmed by using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Using the random method, 384 questionnaires were collected and usable. Data analysis was done with SPSS22 and Amos22 software. The results showed that aesthetics has a significant effect on entertainment, education and escape from reality. Also, the positive and significant effect of entertainment, education and escape from reality on satisfaction with augmented reality was confirmed. It was shown that escaping from reality has a significant effect on shared social experience; But the effect of escape from reality on the satisfaction of augmented reality was not confirmed. Finally, the positive and significant effect of satisfaction with augmented reality and new brand experience on shared social experience and purchase intention and Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Designing a strategy formulation model in the field of small home appliance industry (Case study: a company active in the field)
      mohsen pourqasem atiyeh safardoust Seyed reza Salami
      Issue 78 , Vol. 20 , Spring 2024
      Considering the country's conditions and economic threats, it seems that the realization of economic goals and policies is possible by utilizing the potential of domestic production as much as possible and by supporting various economic sectors of localization of parts More
      Considering the country's conditions and economic threats, it seems that the realization of economic goals and policies is possible by utilizing the potential of domestic production as much as possible and by supporting various economic sectors of localization of parts and products. In this research, one of the applied industries of the country, namely the small home appliance industry, has been considered. Small home appliance companies should choose an appropriate strategy to help the survival and growth of these companies in the competitive arena of the home appliance industry, given the environmental conditions and their current and future capabilities. Accordingly, considering the importance and necessity of strategic planning to respond to the environment, the purpose of this study is to develop a strategy for a company in the field of small appliances. A comprehensive strategy formulation framework has been used to formulate the company's strategy. Findings from the research show that according to the internal and external factor evaluation matrix, SWOT matrix, space matrix and quantitative strategic planning matrix, the company is in a competitive position and the proposed strategy to the company is competitive. In fact, the company should try to use its strengths to minimize environmental threats and in this regard, use a diversity strategy. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      7 - Designing a Soft Quality Management Model Using a Qualitative Introspection Method
      Hamzeh Amin-Tahmasbi S. Sina Masoumi
      Issue 78 , Vol. 20 , Spring 2024
      Quality represents a philosophy, a combination of methods and practices, as well as a commitment to excellence, and has been considered in theoretical research as an important driver of sustainable competitive advantage. The concept of quality has evolved over time and More
      Quality represents a philosophy, a combination of methods and practices, as well as a commitment to excellence, and has been considered in theoretical research as an important driver of sustainable competitive advantage. The concept of quality has evolved over time and now is a good time to reflect on the philosophy of quality. The concepts of quality management today are the same human findings that have been experienced, evolved and remembered throughout history. Therefore, the use of archetypes can lead to a better understanding of direct data from psychological experience and a better understanding of the soft and hard flows of quality management. For this purpose, the qualitative method of introspection was used to analyze the archetypes related to these two dominant approaches. Therefore, twelve academic experts were interviewed about the concept of soft quality management and finally a local model for soft quality management was presented. To measure the model, the quantitative method of path analysis was used and a questionnaire was developed in accordance with the extractive components and was provided to the managers of 64 active economic units in Guilan province. The components extracted from library resources were analyzed and the three “normative” variables (expressing interpretations, and explaining systems of common meanings among groups), “relational” (describing human relations within and outside the organization) and “structural” (determining patterns within the organization) were explained. According to experts, causal relationships between variables were defined and evaluated. Findings indicate the confirmation of structural variables on relational and normative variables. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      8 - Designing the model to identify and prioritize the satisfaction indicators of e-business customers in fuzzy environments using BWM and TOPSIS
      Hamed Mohamadalizadeh Mohammad Javad  Ershadi Arman Sajedinejad
      Issue 78 , Vol. 20 , Spring 2024
      Failure to properly manage your limited resources can ultimately lead to failure for these businesses. Therefore, this research has tried to identify important factors by examining different models of customer satisfaction as well as theses and papers in this field and More
      Failure to properly manage your limited resources can ultimately lead to failure for these businesses. Therefore, this research has tried to identify important factors by examining different models of customer satisfaction as well as theses and papers in this field and by presenting an indigenous model, firstly, by weighting the best-worst fuzzy method to weight the e-business customer satisfaction factors. Using a fuzzy TOPSIS technique, examine one of the categories of e-business, namely online stores, and rank them in terms of customer satisfaction criteria. The results show that this model with high computational efficiency and compatibility highlights the priority of customer satisfaction factors. Also, communication and interaction criteria were ranked as the best and then quality of product and service, price / time, sales and after sales service respectively. And interactions, value / time benchmarking, quality benchmarking, and ultimately sales and after-sales service warranty were identified as the best sub-criteria. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      9 - A systematic review of the technological catch-up concept growth
      علی بنيادی نائينی Ebrahim Souzanchi Kashani Hosein Gholizadeh
      Issue 78 , Vol. 20 , Spring 2024
      The present article is a systematic review of the growth of technological catch-up literature using advanced bibliometric techniques and a database derived from the collection of major studies based on a WOS search. The 5626 obtained documents was analyzed using both co More
      The present article is a systematic review of the growth of technological catch-up literature using advanced bibliometric techniques and a database derived from the collection of major studies based on a WOS search. The 5626 obtained documents was analyzed using both co-occurrence and co-citation criteria. The results show that the problem of technological catch-up appeared in the academic literature in the 1960s but only reached a considerable volume in the 1980s. It grew and expanded in the 1990s. At the beginning of its formation in the 1980s, there were two completely independent routs of macroeconomic growth and technological capabilities in developing countries, which were interconnected in the 1990s. But in the next decade, firm-level studies developed with an emphasis on organizational capabilities, which paved the way for extensive studies in the 2010s that examined the internationalization of later companies. Thus, studies from macro-level economics with an emphasis on economic growth to industry-level studies with an emphasis on internationalization and technological advancement have clearly changed, in which the four intellectual clusters of economic growth, innovation system, knowledge management and industrial dynamics are interacting. The main areas of research on technological synergy are economics, business and management. Technological catch-up can also be considered an interdisciplinary field from other fields such as regional studies, environmental studies, operational research and social sciences. The keywords can be innovation, research and development and productivity. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      10 - Designing an Entrepreneurial Marketing Model with an Approach to Improve Irganizational Performance
      javad motevali taher mohammadreza eghbal مجید فتاحی
      Issue 78 , Vol. 20 , Spring 2024
      The purpose of this research was to design an entrepreneurial marketing model with the approach of improving the performance. This research was done in a descriptive and exploratory way. In the qualitative part, in order to identify the components, interviews were condu More
      The purpose of this research was to design an entrepreneurial marketing model with the approach of improving the performance. This research was done in a descriptive and exploratory way. In the qualitative part, in order to identify the components, interviews were conducted with 10 academic experts in the field of marketing and entrepreneurship who were selected by a purposeful judgment method. The statistical sample in the quantitative section included 174 managers (high, middle, operational) of the social security organization, who were selected by simple random sampling. The findings of the qualitative section show that this model has causal factors (entrepreneurial orientation, entrepreneurial mindset, entrepreneurial attitudes, opportunistic thinking), intervening factors (political, social, economic, cultural, nature of government organizations), contextual factors (personal values of entrepreneurial managers, entrepreneurial capabilities Managers, innovative marketing, ability to penetrate the structure, organizational structure, entrepreneurial cultural platform), strategies (re-engineering organizational processes, flexible organizational structure, dynamic marketing capacity building, creating a socially responsible organization, using social network marketing, creating new services) and consequences (Optimization of decision making, willingness to take risks, increasing the market value of the organization, improving the organizational reputation, strategic dynamics, growth and excellence of the organization) and entrepreneurial marketing has dimensions (value orientation, customer orientation, innovation orientation and entrepreneurship orientation). Also, the findings of the quantitative section show that value orientation, customer orientation, innovation orientation, entrepreneurship orientation and causal factors have an effect on entrepreneurial marketing by 0.631, 0.741, 0.582, 0.489 and 0.551 Manuscript profile
    Most Viewed Articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - Knowledge Management,Culture, and Higher Education
      Mohammadali Neumati
      Issue 7 , Vol. 2 , Summer 2006
      This article has been prepared in an attempt to introduce the reader implication of knowledge management and culture of knowledge in the process of higher education development. It consists of three parts. The first part is designed to give the reader an analytical and More
      This article has been prepared in an attempt to introduce the reader implication of knowledge management and culture of knowledge in the process of higher education development. It consists of three parts. The first part is designed to give the reader an analytical and historical insight into the major challenge in knowledge management involves organizational culture of knowledge sharing.The second part, the main body of the article, devoted to explored the importance of creation, development management of this strategic and its implication at universities and higher education institutions. In the final part, the role of information technology, human resource, and methodes in the process of knowledge management will be discussed. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Marketing activities in Small and Medium technology enterprises
      Issue 43 , Vol. 11 , Summer 2015
      Small and medium enterprises have a central role in economic development and it is proposed about 80% of world economic growth is due of them. However, a high percentage of small enterprises are failed very soon. In high-tech field due to dependence on investment and th More
      Small and medium enterprises have a central role in economic development and it is proposed about 80% of world economic growth is due of them. However, a high percentage of small enterprises are failed very soon. In high-tech field due to dependence on investment and the need for high initial investment, this kind of firms are faced with more difficulties. Lack of knowledge and marketing skills is one of the main reasons for the failure of these companies. It is obvious that marketing is the most important key element for success of technology-based small and medium enterprises and it should be a priority in their activities. The aim of this study is to identify marketing challenges in small and medium-sized technology based companies based on previous studies and experiences in Iranian Science and Technology Parks and Technology Incubators. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - The Study of the Affecting Factors of Knowledge Based Firms’ Growth and Success
      Mahdieh Tari Mahmod Moradi Mostafa Ebrahim pour Azbary
      Issue 45 , Vol. 12 , Winter 2016
      Nowadays, according to development of academic research in the field of high technologies, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a pivotal role in stimulating entrepreneurial growth and economic prosperity. So it is necessary to answer the question that what factors More
      Nowadays, according to development of academic research in the field of high technologies, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a pivotal role in stimulating entrepreneurial growth and economic prosperity. So it is necessary to answer the question that what factors causes this firms growth and success. The main purpose of this study is identifying the affecting factors of knowledge based firms growth and success by use of qualitative study. In terms of purpose, this study is practical and the analytical methodology was used. For this purpose semi-structured interview by using thematic analyzing is conducted. Experts whom interviewed are 20 executive managers of top and successful knowledge based firms located in Isfahan Science and Technology Town (ISTT) (Sheikh Bahai) in the last three years. The review of literature, and the results of interviews showed 3main themes that classify the affecting factors of knowledge based firms growth and success to 3 levels: individual, organizational and environmental. Based on the results, it seems that government and environmental conditions play a more important role in providing appropriate context for knowledge based firms’ growth and success. According to the interviews, view government and environmental conditions has main role in success and durability of knowledge based firms and spin-offs. Finally, based on the results, referring to existing shortcomings in the field of this firm’s activity and the main emphases of the experts, the necessary considerations for effective factors reinforcement has provided. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Technology Growth, Learning Change
      hamed abbasi kasani gholamreza shams mourkani
      Issue 54 , Vol. 14 , Spring 2018
      The emergence of information and communication technology has opened a new window to human and has affected different aspects of his personal and social life. People effort to use ICT in many different ways by increasing their knowledge in this filed, such as using ICT More
      The emergence of information and communication technology has opened a new window to human and has affected different aspects of his personal and social life. People effort to use ICT in many different ways by increasing their knowledge in this filed, such as using ICT in teaching and learning methods. ICT has a very important role in teaching and learning method. In fact, the role of ICT in evolving teaching and learning method is considerable. This paper aimed to investigate the ICT impact on the learning method changes. This study is a kind of review one. The library method and the deep study of available literature in related domestic and international essays and books in ICT field, Different learning method, the effect of ICT on learning, mobile learning, distance learning, correspondence learning, electronic learning, mobile learning, and blended learning are used to gather information. Research shows that the ICT progresses cause people move toward distance, lifelong, personalized and network learning apart from time and place. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - A Review of Knowledge-Based Economy: from the Formation to the Action; Case study: knowledge-based Economy in Iran
      Abdollah Elm Khah Mahdi Sadeghi Shahdani
      Issue 44 , Vol. 11 , Autumn 2015
      Theorists have predicted the emergence of the new economic era in which knowledge is the main source of wealth and economic output. In other words, in a new era, the economy is getting away from the resource-based method and is getting close to the knowledge-based one. More
      Theorists have predicted the emergence of the new economic era in which knowledge is the main source of wealth and economic output. In other words, in a new era, the economy is getting away from the resource-based method and is getting close to the knowledge-based one. Knowledge-based economy formed based on the production, distribution and application of knowledge and information. Therefore, investing in knowledge and knowledge-based industries got particular attentions. This paper reviews the literatures of knowledge-based economy due to its importance, and the emphasis of The Supreme Leader on special attentions of policy makers to implementation of it based on upstream documents. This article is provided according to the analytical and descriptive method based on available documents. The knowledge-based economy is addressed in the course of economic ideas, theories of knowledge-based economy, definitions, characteristics, advantages, elements, measuring indicators, policies of the knowledge-based economy in Iran, situation of Knowledge-based economy in Iran based on World Bank Index. At the end conclusion is presented. The results show that the fulfilling of the knowledge-based economy requires trained and skilled workforce, supportive government policies, making reform in society culture, efficient innovation system, indigenous knowledge, ICT, institutional and government stimulus, supporting intellectual property rights and so on. Although the World Bank 2005 report shows that there was a very significant imbalance between the indicators. By government efforts, the imbalance was declined slightly in 2007 and according to the latest World Bank report in 2012, Iran with an average 3/91 has gained the rank of 94 between 146 countries in terms of the knowledge-based economy. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Identify Indicators for Evaluating the Performance of Corporate Entrepreneurship
      Saeed Safari Reza Abbasi Mozhgan Soltani Aliabad
      Issue 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016
      Today, in different countries, paying particular attention to entrepreneurship and foster entrepreneurship, and create a favorable environment for its development, Considered to be as a particularly tool for economic development in developing countries. The need of orga More
      Today, in different countries, paying particular attention to entrepreneurship and foster entrepreneurship, and create a favorable environment for its development, Considered to be as a particularly tool for economic development in developing countries. The need of organizations to the phenomenon of entrepreneurship has been led to the creation of a certain territory of this concept that is called organizational entrepreneurship. As far as organizational entrepreneurship are transformed to one of the strategic approaches in organizations, to achieve high performance and great success. Choose this approach is effective for organizations when we can evaluate the results and provide organizational goals with proper management. So, having appropriate indicators to be used for the assessment of organizational entrepreneurship is very important. Therefore, this study seeks to identify appropriate indicators to evaluate the performance organizational entrepreneurship. For this purpose, after reviewing research literature, were extracted performance evaluation indicators, and with the help of the framework of EFQM Excellence Model, were classified in 9 categories. After refining the extracted indicators and removal of repetitive indicators, the 63 index that had remained, to determining the most important indicators, was placed in the hands of experts in the format of a questionnaire and Finally, by analyzing data obtained, were identified appropriate indicators to evaluate the performance. Results of present study, presented 29 indicators in nine criteria of: Leadership, Strategy, Employee, Partnerships and Resources, Processes, Products and Services, Customer Results, Employee Results, Society Results and Key Results; as the appropriate indicators to evaluating the performance of organizational entrepreneurship. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      7 - The Effect of Innovation Ambidexterity on Export Knowledge and Performance of new Products in Export Markets
      Mostafa Ebrahim pour Azbary Milad Hoshmand Chayjani Mohsen Akbari
      Issue 42 , Vol. 11 , Spring 2015
      Export is one of the most important economic activities in the success of firms that has attracted attention of researchers and strategists. This attention is because of the convenience in using this strategy in entering in other international markets and due to benefit More
      Export is one of the most important economic activities in the success of firms that has attracted attention of researchers and strategists. This attention is because of the convenience in using this strategy in entering in other international markets and due to benefits of export in development firms. This has motivated firms to acquire export knowledge and train it in their companies in order to guarantee their successful performance in expert. Ambidexterity is an approach that can be effective in terms of creating export knowledge. Ambidexterity, (with two dimensions of exploitation and exploration) in export companies, helps organizations to use export knowledge more effectively and efficiently, in other words ambidexterity can help export companies acquire learning capabilities as a learning organization. As a result, this learning capability can lead to more proper new products in competition. This paper investigates the effect of innovation ambidexterity on export knowledge and new product performance. In literature section we reviewed export and competition in international markets, innovation, export knowledge and competition power, ambidexterity and its dimensions and new product development. After reviewing the literature, we created a model based on the literature and experts views. Experts verified our model and the proposed hypotheses after some discussions. Our proposed model shows that ambidexterity and its dimensions has a positive effect on export knowledge and an effect on export performance while export knowledge has a positive effect on export knowledge. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      8 - Developing a Conceptual Model of Strategic Agility in Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs)
      Reza Bandarian
      Issue 46 , Vol. 12 , Spring 2016
      Research and technology management requires a more comprehensive holistic approach in order to achieve coordinated strategies. New approaches should force Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs) to proactive response to changes in the environment with the rapid tec More
      Research and technology management requires a more comprehensive holistic approach in order to achieve coordinated strategies. New approaches should force Research and Technology Organizations (RTOs) to proactive response to changes in the environment with the rapid technological changes. RTOs by development of proactive features on their interior can achieve to a special ability called "strategic agility". Strategic agility is the ability to reform, renovate and renewal the organization, business model and strategies to cope with environmental changes. In this paper, in order to develop a comprehensive framework to achieve strategic agility in RTOs, first, all of the previous research in the field of strategic agility in the last few years have been reviewed and then adapt and adjust to the nature, characteristics and requirements of RTOs, finally the seven dimensions (key factors) and thirty one index for strategic agility in RTOs extracted and has been defined. The seven key factors are strategic sensitivity, clear vision, selecting strategic technological knowledge goals, identifying key capabilities, seizing and exploitation, continuous technological innovation and being proactive. This model is based on the combination of both internal and external organizational approach, and provides the basis for the assessment of strategic agility in RTOs. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      9 - Explaining Organizational Ambidexterity As a New Concept in the Management of Knowledge Based Organizations
      Mahmod Moradi Mostafa Ebrahim pour Azbary Yaughob Mambini
      Issue 40 , Vol. 10 , Autumn 2015
      Organizational ambidexterity as a new managerial construct has been proposed in recent years. This concept is entering into the field of technology, innovation, entrepreneurship, organizational behavior, organizational design and strategy. Ambidexterity is viewed as a t More
      Organizational ambidexterity as a new managerial construct has been proposed in recent years. This concept is entering into the field of technology, innovation, entrepreneurship, organizational behavior, organizational design and strategy. Ambidexterity is viewed as a tool to gain sustainable competitive advantage, business performance and firm survival. It can be achieved through organizations’ endeavor to exploit and explore available opportunities. Many companies have comprised the view that to function effectively in today’s economy, it is indispensable to become a knowledge-based organization. The Knowledge Based Organizations created in order to synergistically exploit science and wealth, develop knowledge based economy and strongly depend on innovation as a source of the competitive advantage. In this article, by systematically reviewing related literature, we have tried to illuminate the notion of ambidexterity. Structures and forms of organization ambidexterity in knowledge based organizations were revised and its role to improve the performance of knowledge based organizations has been clarified. Paper suggested that knowledge based organization through ambidexterity in management, structure and process could guarantee its survival in today’s dynamic environment. In the paper, organizational ambidexterity definition in explained. Furthermore, the necessary that knowledge based organization must pass on toward ambidexterity in explained. The sequential ambidexterity, structural ambidexterity and contextual ambidexterity as foremost typologies for ambidexterity is discussed. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      10 - Suitable Organizational Structure for Knowledge-Based Companies
      Najaf Allahyari fard Rasoul Abbasi
      Issue 29 , Vol. 8 , Winter 2012
      Knowledge-based economy is modern economy that production and distribution is based on knowledge and knowledge itself is the main source of growth and wealth creation. Knowledge-based companies are generators of knowledge-based economy. Knowledge-based companies & insti More
      Knowledge-based economy is modern economy that production and distribution is based on knowledge and knowledge itself is the main source of growth and wealth creation. Knowledge-based companies are generators of knowledge-based economy. Knowledge-based companies & institutions are private or cooperative companies that cause synergy of science and wealth, development of knowledge-based economy, achievement of scientific and economic goals (including development and application of invention and innovation) and commercialization of research and development (including design and production of goods and services) in the high technology and high value-added production, particularly in the form of software. Knowledge-based companies can be divided into two categories: micro and macro. K-based companies have made some important features such as job creation, positive competitiveness, generation and development. Those companies are commensurate with their growing economies. Organizational structures of companies in many different companies and organizations are playing an efficient role. The types of organizations and companies determine organizational structure. In this study we reviewe organizational structures, including functional, productional, regional, Matrix, connectional, horizontal, network, associational, star, clover and Virtual. We propose a suitable pattern “network-Virtual-horizontal” for organizational structure of K-based companies. This organizational structure increases productivity in knowledge-based companies. Manuscript profile
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    Dr Jafar Toghifi (Tarbiat Modarres) Ghasem Moslehi (Esfahan University) Mahdi Keshmiri (Esfahan University) MohammadSaleh Olia (Yazd University) Alinaghi Mosle Mostafa Karimian Eghbal (دانشگاه تربیت مدرس) Fattaneh Taghiyare (دانشگاه تهران) MohammadJafar Seddigh (دانشگاه تهران) Amirhossein Davaie SeyedAlireza Feyzbakhsh
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