• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Designing a Conceptual Model of Entrepreneurial Competencies of Entrepreneurial Universities’ Graduates
        Mahtab Pouratashi Morteza Parhizkar
        Nowadays, entrepreneurship and the related issues receive special attention in higher education. It is expected that after few years of study at university, the graduates have significant difference with people with no academic learning experience. Since it is essential More
        Nowadays, entrepreneurship and the related issues receive special attention in higher education. It is expected that after few years of study at university, the graduates have significant difference with people with no academic learning experience. Since it is essential to develop entrepreneurial competencies for leading people toward entrepreneurship, it is necessary to recognize and assess entrepreneurial competencies of entrepreneurial universities’ graduates. Accordingly, the aim of this study is to design a conceptual model of entrepreneurial competencies of entrepreneurial universities’ graduates. Entrepreneurial competencies can be studied on the basis of the following cases: components of entrepreneurial competencies, antecedents of entrepreneurial competencies, and outcome of entrepreneurial competencies. According to the results, entrepreneurial competencies are classified in six clusters including: personal and cognitive competence, communication competency, leadership and teamwork competencies, business creation and management competence, economic and marketing competence, and research competence. The mission of university as antecedents to competencies was categorized in three groups including: education, research, and support. Entrepreneurial intention was considered as outcome of entrepreneurial competencies. Finally and with regard to the aforementioned components, a conceptual model of entrepreneurial competencies of graduates, with antecedents and outcome was presented. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Presenting Prioterizing Model of Factors Affecting on Open Innovation by Using DEMATEL Method
        atiyeh haghighat
        In today’s competitive world, the organizations have to bring brand new methods which would be suitable for such rapid changes and progresses. One of the requirement of development and leadership in industry is having an open innovative approach in the organization. The More
        In today’s competitive world, the organizations have to bring brand new methods which would be suitable for such rapid changes and progresses. One of the requirement of development and leadership in industry is having an open innovative approach in the organization. The innovation is considered to be a key-role through value creation and gaining suitable competitive advantage among the current sophisticated interprises. Furthermore the innovation increases the possibility of accomplishment and organizational development and decreases the investment risks with emphasize on reducing organization borders and applying the value creating factors from the outside. Because of the complex nature of the competition in market and the rapid changes that are happening, Since the competitive atmosphere is getting sophisticated and the giant pace of changes in current situation, it is necessary to conduct some researches in regard to performing open innovative approaches in different industries. In this regard, the research studies the relationship btw factors and the precedency of them by DEMATEL method after determining the effective factors on open innovation. The present research is a kind of survey description and its assembling instrument is through the literature review and gathering data from the elites and innovative managers by survey and questionnaire. The results of the research indicates that organizational readiness, intellectual property management, cooperation capability, absorption capacity, innovation intermediary and the business model influence open innovation approach respectively. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Site Selection Of Knowledge-Based Town within Tehran
        Mehdi Gharakhloo Maryam Mousavi
        Tehran Province, containing majority of scientists and researchers, plays a significant role in the development of science and technology in the country. Obviously, this number of scientific potential to flourish needs facilities and infrastructures. One of the most imp More
        Tehran Province, containing majority of scientists and researchers, plays a significant role in the development of science and technology in the country. Obviously, this number of scientific potential to flourish needs facilities and infrastructures. One of the most important factors in development of knowledge-based businesses is proportionate physical context of firms. Moreover, proximity of knowledge-based companies to the universities, higher education institutes and industries leads to accelerating transforming knowledge into industrial process. Thus, Tehran Province requires more technology parks and towns than the past, to retain the benefit of its whole scientific potentials. In connection with this, at first, we recognized and ranked effective factors on locating Knowledge-Based Town, then used AHP to give weight to criteria and sub-criteria. In the next step, we applied these weights in GIS software and provided maps which are related to each, in the ARCmap. Then, we identified zoned map of the areas via GIS and overlapped the effective factors on locating town of knowledge, with two priorities in the province, and the result indicated that the first priority was better. After preparing the final map, through the study on areas with priority, we have screened and shown places that the standards are higher for locating KBT on the map. At last, for the best performance, we have paid special attention to factors such as proximity to universities and training centers, proximity to industrial areas, infrastructures and Tehran province’s development plans. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Move Towards a Knowledge-based Economy by Examining the Interconnectedness of Input and Output Dimension in Global Indicators of Innovation
        reza salami hossien mirzaee atiyeh safardoust
        In the current decade, knowledge based economy is a popular term in the scientific circles of the country. This word has attracted the attention of many scholars and experts. The global index of knowledge based economy has four foundations, and innovation is one of thes More
        In the current decade, knowledge based economy is a popular term in the scientific circles of the country. This word has attracted the attention of many scholars and experts. The global index of knowledge based economy has four foundations, and innovation is one of these bases. In the area of innovation, Iran has less privilege than the global average. In order to promote the level of innovation and, consequently, the level of knowledge-based economy, using the global statistics in the field of knowledge based economy and innovation, in this paper first of all, we recognize the important input factors influencing the innovation and then we compare the status of these inputs with the global average. After identifying the weaknesses in the inputs, the status of these measures is reviewed in the Sixth Development Plan document. According to the findings, it was found that in the sixth program of development, only gross domestic product (GDP) per unit of energy consumption was pointed out, and no direct reference was made to other measures. Comparison of measures with the global average showed that in order to improve the output of innovation, the country needs to improve the level of research and development, knowledge workers, ICT and the political environment. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Evidence-based Management: A Bridge for the Gap Between the Management Science and Manager Practice
        Amin Pazhohesh Jahromy
        The practical relevance of management research is an ongoing concern for many management scholars. The source of this concern is that arguments relying on experience and intuition for decision making by the individual manager or Organizational Management Council poll, w More
        The practical relevance of management research is an ongoing concern for many management scholars. The source of this concern is that arguments relying on experience and intuition for decision making by the individual manager or Organizational Management Council poll, would not guarantee achieving organizational goals and realization of the organizational programs. Evidence-based management as a solution to this problem is to combine the best evidence of ideas, research results and research organization in the field of management to make the best decision. The literature on this subject has had a significant increase in the last decade, yet Iran has not been considered, thus, it is difficult to find a Persian article on the subject. The purpose of this paper is to introduce evidence-based management and to provide a mechanism for management more evidence-based and result-oriented than ever. This research has a practical objective, in terms of nature, quality and library method of data collection (secondary studies, meta-synthesis) and is based on an online study of information sources. The article by hypothesizing the premise that managers’ lack awareness of evidence-based approach has led to this concept to be less considered. By reviewing the literature on evidence and classification of evidence, as well as evidence-based management, we offer a five-step model: “What do we need to know?; Finding the evidence; Getting the needed insights ; Communicating the message; Making the right evidence -based decisions”. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Strategic Human Resource Management in Digital Era Based on Big Data
        Gholamreza Malekzadeh sedigheh sadeghi
        Nowadays intelligent devices, virtual environments and technological innovations is a part of the human’s everyday life. While Technology innovation could easily be representing currently highest business threatens, executive leaders that transform this in Business oppo More
        Nowadays intelligent devices, virtual environments and technological innovations is a part of the human’s everyday life. While Technology innovation could easily be representing currently highest business threatens, executive leaders that transform this in Business opportunities and create a new competitive space out of this threat are the ones succeeding. On the other hand influence of information technology in organizations and besides, extension of various kinds of social media is a good opportunity to gather a mass amount of people’s information and data. Regarding to these facts one can say that creative thinking and alignment with digital age facilities, requirements and needs and respecting the value of knowledge management along with making use of information management is what should be taken under consideration with more attention specially in field of human capital management. We will discuss on HR digital literacy and HR understanding of organization mission and values effects on flexibility in digital transformation. In this article, we will discuss usage of information systems especially big data in human resource managment in digital era with respect to surveys of honored organizations such as Mc keinsy. It is deducted that in new age, regarding that a new generation of workforce with different attitude and expectations is ready to enter labor market, transformation from traditional structures to structures driven from analytical results of big data would lead to a more effective management. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Criminal Entrepreneurial Behavior: Literature Review
        Mojtaba Nahid Roghayeh izadi
        Entrepreneurs play an important role in the economy in order to identify opportunities and to exploit their economic and social needs of the production process and purse market driving. While entrepreneurship is normally researched as something positive, this paper illu More
        Entrepreneurs play an important role in the economy in order to identify opportunities and to exploit their economic and social needs of the production process and purse market driving. While entrepreneurship is normally researched as something positive, this paper illustrates the dark sides of the construct. This conceptual research paper applies entrepreneurship literature to generate new insights into entrepreneurship in organized crime and entrepreneurs in criminal organizations. Criminal entrepreneurship is found in organized crime, where criminal entrepreneurs choose to organize a criminal business enterprise in order to exploit illegal market opportunities. Entrepreneurial opportunities can be exploited in a variety of ways, depending on strategy and available resources. As organised crime is growing locally as well as globally, law enforcement agencies need to develop their understanding of strategic criminal entrepreneurship. Based on perspectives in this paper, the dark side of Entrepreneurship needs to be further explored within both the legitimate and illegitimate business sector in the local as well as global perspective in future research. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        8 - From Mass Marketing to One-to-One Electronic Marketing
        Arash Beheshtian-Ardakani mohammad  fathiyan
        Traditional methods of marketing used to focus on covering a large number of customers with the same advertising methods and did not consider the various customer preferences. Despite the high cost of advertising, a small number of target customers were being attracted More
        Traditional methods of marketing used to focus on covering a large number of customers with the same advertising methods and did not consider the various customer preferences. Despite the high cost of advertising, a small number of target customers were being attracted by these methods. With the advancement of information technology, Internet, e-commerce, e-business and e-marketing development models, companies can collect user, information in real-time and at a lower cost. The rapid growth of customer data, competition and new IT capabilities have forced companies to improve marketing strategies by taking direct relationship with customers and execute One-to-One marketing. Response modeling can also be employed to increase the chance of success in one-to-one marketing by identifying the customers who are more likely to respond to marketing activities. In this paper, the weaknesses of mass marketing and the need to move towards new methods of marketing have been proposed. After that, the evolution of marketing strategies from mass and traditional marketing to One-to-One electronic marketing by using information technology has been presented. Then it outlines the main components of one-to-one marketing. By applying the concepts that have been presented in this paper, Companies can identify and apply the main components of one-to-one marketing. Therefore, they can attract new customers, encourage existing customers to buy and maintain loyal customers. As a result, they can be more successful in their marketing activities and increase their profits. Manuscript profile