• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Designing the Business Model for Virtual Incubator in Iran
        Amir Maniyan Maryam Khodadad Barmi Ayob Mohamadian
        Business incubator is economic development tools that provide a set of business support resources and services for accelerate to growth and success of entrepreneurial companies. Today, advancement of the internet and moving the businesses toward cyberspace set up a virt Full Text
        Business incubator is economic development tools that provide a set of business support resources and services for accelerate to growth and success of entrepreneurial companies. Today, advancement of the internet and moving the businesses toward cyberspace set up a virtual incubator can be very important, So in other countries are considered. In order of increasing competition firms in various industries and Existing dynamics in business environments, designing the business model can be introduction for starting a successful business. According to this, Attention to business model for virtual business incubators is important. This paper is designing the business model for virtual business incubator in Iran. This design is done by study of related literature, interviews with experts and benchmarking results of several successful virtual business incubators in the world. Currently, there are many models to identify the components of business model and their relationship but Osterwalder 9 element model is known as the most popular and most perfect version. In this paper, the ontology Osterwalder is used in order to designing the business model for virtual business incubator. This design can be efficient step to starting the operational of this national project and can be followed productivity, Enhancing organizational performance and profitability Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Identify and Ranking Effective Factors on Success of Knowledge Management with the Approach of the Realization of Resistance Economic
        Roya Hejazi Nia
        The purpose of the present research is identifying factors that influence the success of knowledge management systems in organizations in resistant economy conditions. Currently we face the problems of asymmetry of information and asymmetry of information in different s Full Text
        The purpose of the present research is identifying factors that influence the success of knowledge management systems in organizations in resistant economy conditions. Currently we face the problems of asymmetry of information and asymmetry of information in different sections can set grounds for increasing corruption and damage to resistant economy. Measures to reduce the asymmetry are necessary to be thought of. One of the strategies is using knowledge management systems. However, according to limitations appeared during the sanctions, successful implementation of these systems has faced some barriers. Therefore, identification of factors that lead to successful implementation of knowledge management systems can be very influential because, whether during the sanctions or after them, attempts should continue to be made in the field of establishing resistant economy. Hence, by reviewing various studies conducted in the field of knowledge management, 15 variables have been identified. In order to check the hypothesis, a researcher-made questionnaire was used whose validity was calculated by Cronbach’s Alpha to be 0.81. In order to test research questions, SPSS Version 18, MATLAB, TOPSIS and one-sample T-test were used. Research results showed that all variables were identified to be influencing the success of knowledge management systems in resistant economy. Information technology infrastructures had the highest importance and periodical evaluations had the least importance from among the 15 variables. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Investigating the Challenges in the Laws and Rights of Intellectual Property in Commercialization of Biotechnological Goods
        Sohrab Aghazadeh Kamyar Ghaforian atiyeh safardoust Mahdi Ojani Mohammad Naghizadeh
        The lack of unified laws and regulations regarding intellectual property rights and how to give it to innovations, inventions and patents on living organisms is one of the challenges in developing countries. The aim of the current research is to investigate the challeng Full Text
        The lack of unified laws and regulations regarding intellectual property rights and how to give it to innovations, inventions and patents on living organisms is one of the challenges in developing countries. The aim of the current research is to investigate the challenges in the laws and rights of intellectual property on commercialization of biotechnological products in Iran. We have chosen mix method to conduct this study. In the qualitative part of the research in order to figure out the main challenges in the laws and rights of intellectual property, by using the literature review and interviewing 11 active Expert or not to implement them in the field of commercialization, the main challenges have been presented. In the quantitative part, the questionnaire related to the challenges of the rights of intellectual property have been distributed among 21 researchers in the field of biotechnology who are also familiar with the laws and rights of intellectual property,and by using confirmatory factor analysis, one sample T test and freedman test we studied the challenges and its ranking in the field of biotechnology. The findings show that the main challenges in laws and rights of intellectual property in the field of biotechnology are: the current obstacles in the part of the intellectual property of the projects, Lack of some rules, standards and policies or not to implement them and the high rate of dependency of the companies to the protection of patents. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Identifying Effective Critical Success Factors in Electronic Supply Chain Management (Case study: Small and Medium-sized Enterprises)
        morteza jabale Sajad Ranjkesh Mohammad Reza Ghiasy Hossein Ali  Hassan pour
        Electronic supply chain management (e-SCM) is one of the competitive industrial fields of the country. Availability of Internet network and information in supply chain management, gives the capability and competitiveness to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and Full Text
        Electronic supply chain management (e-SCM) is one of the competitive industrial fields of the country. Availability of Internet network and information in supply chain management, gives the capability and competitiveness to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and also helps them for resilience in today`s competitions. Electronic supply chain management plays an important role in improving supply chain factors, information authenticity, reducing bullwhip effect and delivering products to the customers in right time and right place with high speed and accuracy. Attending to these factors can be helpful in making suitable decisions to promote enterprise by managers. The goals of this paper is to identifying effective critical success factors in electronic supply chain management and survey their effects on e-SCM implementation in small and medium-sized enterprises. To achieve this goal, thirteen questions has been developed and a multi-variable linear regression technique in SPSS used for analyzing questionnaire. A Multi regression analyses a dependent variable, which linearly relates to some independent controlled variables. Independent variables Xk are critical sub-factors for main factors and dependent variable Y indicate implementation of electronic supply chain management. Result analysis shows that four critical success factors are the most important factors playing role in e-SCM implementation in small and medium-sized enterprises, which are supporting of capacity of supplier, organizational scale, compatibility of e-SCM and CEO’s creative level. Management by focusing on four factors will make to improvement and forward upgrades in future. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Integration of Customers in Front-End of Innovation (FEI) by Open Innovation Approach: Generation and Selection of Innovative Product Ideas
        Ali Asghar  Molaie Babak Shirazi Javad  Soltanzadeh
        Innovation is a key element for the success of companies in a competitive environment. Innovations begin with innovative ideas that form in the early stages of the innovation process, called the front-end of innovation (FEI). Therefore, to access information from differ Full Text
        Innovation is a key element for the success of companies in a competitive environment. Innovations begin with innovative ideas that form in the early stages of the innovation process, called the front-end of innovation (FEI). Therefore, to access information from different sources, especially external sources, the early activities of the innovation process should be organized as a systematic approach. Customers are as the most important source of innovative ideas in new product process that companies can use them. To benefit from the idea of customers, there needs to be a model for integrating them with internal organization resources. In this paper, a model is presented for integration of customers derived from open innovation paradigm in the FEI based on simultaneous integration of customers, competitors, fringe industries in order to Increase creativity and innovation success. This proposed model is obtained by development of Ulwick’s model that implemented in Agricultural implements industry for “drip irrigation system”. The main objective of this paper is to generate innovative product ideas and then selection of more innovative idea (real and unmet need) of customers in the FEI phase by proposed model, in order to reduce the failure rate of new products in the market. Data were obtained from a survey of 30 customers, as a research sample. The results suggest that opening the FEI phase and the subsequent integration of different customers in this phase, in order to generate innovative ideas, will have a positive impact on the success of the new product. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - The Index of Research and Development Capabilities in the BRICS Countries (Brazil, Russia, India, china, the South Africa)
        Sina Laleh
        Today, research and development and related activities in order to access the modern technology is major industrial activity in the world. Despite the increasing importance of research and development activities in developed countries in the last thirty years, developin Full Text
        Today, research and development and related activities in order to access the modern technology is major industrial activity in the world. Despite the increasing importance of research and development activities in developed countries in the last thirty years, developing countries have recently realized its integral importance. Actually, technology is an output of the research and development factory.The research and development units are infrastructure of technology and the greatest source of innovation. There are Various procedure to achive technology that reverse engineering is one of the most important. (especially in developing countries) In this essay, addition to review the literature of "research and development" and the factors affecting its capabilities, experiences of leading countries in this field (BRICS) will be checked in order to design a conceptual model to assess the research and development capabilities. In the end, we present some pieces of advice to reduce the problems and increase the quality and quantity level of R&D. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Providing a Conceptual Framework to Explain the Role of Management's Commitment to Internal Marketing on Job Attitudes
        Esmaeil Malek Akhlagh Zahra Takhire Arman Pourusa
        The Very complex and competitive environment requires more attention of organization to internal employees as internal customers. When staff can provide customers satisfy that their needs have been met by the organization and satisfaction in them toward the organization Full Text
        The Very complex and competitive environment requires more attention of organization to internal employees as internal customers. When staff can provide customers satisfy that their needs have been met by the organization and satisfaction in them toward the organization. This is the same logic that the study Barry, Hansel and Burke mentioned that the use of internal marketing toward organizational capabilities recommended to meet in order to achieve effective protection of consumers. On the other hand, the most important asset of any organization is staff of it. The higher of quality of human resources will be a success and survival of the organization and one of the most important attitudes that try to improve the quality of human resources and adjust the values of the people, are management's commitment to internal marketing. Management's commitment to internal marketing program, spontaneous and voluntary activity for the local marketing programs promote and increase communication with employees and employee job satisfaction and ultimately improve the performance of the entire organization. Since, this paper has been done the literature review of preceding studies on internal marketing, management's commitment to internal marketing and job attitudes to explain the relationship between them. Results show that management's commitment to internal marketing with the ways related to internal marketing includes formal and informal internal communication and management's commitment to internal marketing and informal internal communication influence employee attitudes. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        8 - Smart Clothing; from Problem-Solving to Knowledge Generation
        Morteza PourMohammadi Azam Neumati
        As a paradigm, design thinking has not accurate definition yet and could make sense during practical design activities. In addition, Sophisticated technology-driven products with high volume of unknowns, which considered as “wicked problems” have proposed to be solved b Full Text
        As a paradigm, design thinking has not accurate definition yet and could make sense during practical design activities. In addition, Sophisticated technology-driven products with high volume of unknowns, which considered as “wicked problems” have proposed to be solved by applying Design Thinking. Main purpose of this research is to investigate the design thinking role in such projects from problem-solving to knowlegde generation. At first, the opportunities and challenges in the design development process of smart clothing design project-as a wicked problem- surveyd through a descriptive-analytical method. Then as a case study, a practical smart clothing design project and his design thinkig dimentions discussed in detail. The findings of this article suggest design thinking as a systematic, creative and human-centered thinking beside treating as core research and managing design activities, could be the source of knowledge generation. The genarated knowlegde here includes redefining and shaping the problem, determine the level of technology integration, design issues, user requirements models and workflow; which in addition to facilitating the design solving process and reduce design errores, can be a true example of generalized problem solving And decision making pattern. Such approach to design thinking for wicked problems- Research through Design- pointed out the general knowledge of design activities(including the problem, methods and processes) is unknown at first phases, and the Generative nature of design thinking undertake this task, in other words design problem or brief will complete in parallel with solution. Manuscript Document